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Behavior of polygonal semi-closed thin-walled cross-section: A study based on finite strip analysis
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The acceptance and the use of cold-formed steel sections has significantly increased in recent years due to advantages such as consistency and accuracy of profile, ease of fabrication, high strength and stiffness to the lightness in the weight. For thin-walled columns, made by folding a plane plate into a section, it is possible that when they are subjected to compression loads they may buckle either locally, if the member is very short, or globally if the member is very long. In addition to local and global buckling, a thin-walled member of an open cross section may also show buckling involving a “distortion” of the cross section. Compared to local and global buckling, distortional buckling is not very familiar and has been discovered only in thin-walled members of open cross sections such as cold-formed steel section columns.

The objective of this study is to investigate the behavior of polygonal semi-closed cross-section with pure compression. The study comprise to only elastic buckling and the methodology is consisted by using CUFSM analysis. In order to execute CUFSM of polygonal profiles, the scripts have created which match the Matlab script files (m-files) downloaded from CUFSM 4 open source.

The distortional buckling mode is governing as a buckling failure, which occur and dominate in the cases where spring values are 100 kN or higher. However, the contrary result reveals by a decreasing of the spring values. The behavior of the cross-section is dependent on how the interaction of different buckling modes prevails at the corresponding critical half-wavelength. Considering the predomination of distortional buckling mode indicates that the most of polygonal cross-section do not behave as rigid, i.e. as whole cross-section. A reducing of distortional mode and increasing of local mode as well as global mode gives indication that the behavior of the cross-section has changed and turned significantly into more rigid and thus is expected to behave more as whole cross-section.  The more spring values decrease, the higher global mode arises and dominates for the lower slenderness range. The critical half-wavelength for each profile illustrates the needed density between bolts on the longitudinal part of the member. In the interest of eliminating distortional buckling failure, due the fact that distortional buckling is unpredictable, the bolt-density should be lower than the corresponding half-wavelength for the profile where the distortional mode is predominating.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Buckling mode, Matlab script, CUFSM analysis, Half-wavelength, Spring value, Hexagonal, Nonagonal, Dodecagonal
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62257DiVA: diva2:1078111
Educational program
Civil Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-19 Created: 2017-03-02 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved

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