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Prevalence of depressive symptoms and needs of support from surrounding social relationships amongst pregnant women in the upper northeast of Thailand
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

According to the World Health Organization (2016), 10% of all pregnant women worldwide suffers from some kind of mental disorder, mainly depression. This is considered a women’s health issue and there is a great lack of studies conducted in low- and middle- income countries. The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of depressive symptoms amongst Thai pregnant women, in the upper northeast of Thailand, and their need of support from surrounding social relationships. A cross-sectional descriptive design with a quantitative method was used for this study. The results show that 28% of the participants had a possible minor or major depression scoring > 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. 51.6% of the women reported feeling anxious or worried during the past seven days. Health personnel were mostly needed as support regarding knowledge and attention during pregnancy and childbirth. Husband/partner were mainly wanted as support with attention and concern about pregnancy, reaching an understanding with spouse’s family, support related to the baby’s gender and support with household activities. Mother/mother-in-law was the most important source of support regarding taking care of the baby. In conclusion, screening and interventions towards perinatal depression is much needed in the upper northeast of Thailand. Further research is required to investigate the role of social support during pregnancy. 

Abstract [sv]

Enligt världshälsoorganisationen, WHO (2016), lider 10% av alla gravida kvinnor i världen av psykisk ohälsa, främst depression. Detta ses som ett kvinnohälsoproblem världen över och bristen på forskning på detta ämne är stor, framförallt i låg- och medelinkomstländer.Syftet med denna studie var att mäta prevalensen av depressiva symtom hos Thailändska gravida kvinnor i nordöstra Thailand samt deras behov av stöd från människor i deras omgivning. Kvantitativ metod med tvärsnittsdesign användes i denna studie. Resultatet visar att 28% av kvinnorna som deltog i denna studie lider av möjlig depression. 51.6% av kvinnorna rapporterade att de hade upplevt ångest eller oro någon gång under de senaste sju dagarna. Sjukvårdspersonal var mest efterfrågade som stöd angående kunskap om egenvård vid graviditet och förlossning. Många av kvinnorna uppgav att de främst ville ha stöd från sin man/partner. Speciellt i frågor beträffande omsorg och omtanke under graviditeten, barnets kön, hjälp med hushållssysslor och för att få förståelse från mannens/partnerns familj. Kvinnans mor/svärmor visade sig vara ett viktigt stöd vad gällande omhändertagandet av barnet. Det finns ett stort behov av att screena gravida kvinnor för depression samt tillämpa åtgärder för att förebygga och behandla perinatal depression i nordöstra Thailand. Ytterligare forskning är nödvändig för att vidare undersöka kvinnors behov av stöd under graviditet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
depression, pregnancy, social support, Thailand
Keywords [sv]
depression, graviditet, stöd, Thailand
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-315950OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-315950DiVA, id: diva2:1076461
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-28 Created: 2017-02-22 Last updated: 2017-02-28Bibliographically approved

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