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Landfill Sites Selection Using AnalyticalHierarchy Process and Ratio ScaleWeighting: Case Study of Al-Mahawil,Babylon, Iraq
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8723-9708
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Department of Geology, College of Science, Kufa University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
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Number of Authors: 52017 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 123-141Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Selecting a landfill site is an optimal solution for the disposal of solid waste inAl-Mahawil Qadhaa, both to fulfill the environmental and scientific requirements,and to comply with regulations and restrictions in this Qadhaa. Presently,there is no landfill site in the area that meets the scientific site selection criteria.Therefore, in this study, two methods of multi-criteria decision-makingand Geographic Information System (GIS) were used to produce a map ofcandidate sites for landfill. Fifteen criteria were entered within GIS: groundwaterdepth, rivers, soil types; agriculture lands use, land use, elevation, slope,gas pipelines, oil pipelines, power lines, roads, railways, urban centers, villagesand archaeological sites. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is the firstmethod that was applied to derive criteria weightings using the matrix of pairwisecomparisons. The second method was the Ratio Scale Weighting (RSW),which is based on experts’ opinion, in order to identify the criteria weightingsby giving a ratio score value for each criterion relative to the other criteria.Accuracy assessment (Kappa and Overall Assessment) methods were used tocompare the two raster maps which resulted from the two models, and to determinethe percentage value of matching pixels for the two maps. Two suitablecandidate sites for landfill were identified that satisfy the requirementswith an area of 2.218 km2 - 2.950 km2 in order to accommodate the solidwaste generated from the Qadhaa in the period 2020 to 2030.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 2, p. 123-141
Keywords [en]
Accuracy Assessment Methods, Landfill, (AHP) Method, (RSW) Method, GIS, Al-Mahawil Qadhaa
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62061DOI: 10.4236/eng.2017.92006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62061DiVA, id: diva2:1075089
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 1; 2017-02-17 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-02-17 Created: 2017-02-17 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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