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On textile printing with thermochromic inks
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis describes an exploration of the principles of applying leuco dye-based inks to textile design practice. The main motivation has been to explore the design properties and potentials of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks when printed on textiles in order to obtain an understanding and facilitate the design of dynamic surface patterns. The significance of this is related to the development of a methodology to assist designers in seeing possibilities, making informed decisions, and predicting colour transitions at different temperatures when designing a dynamic surface pattern.

The research was conducted by undertaking a series of design experiments using leuco dye-based thermochromic inks, which resulted in various working methods and two pedagogical tools. This process offered the insight and depth of understanding required to design dynamic surface patterns, in that it highlighted the different colour-changing properties of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks, which have the potential to create a more complex and dynamic range of patterns on textiles than those that exist today. There is much to explore beyond the current design possibilities offered by thermochromic inks, and it is hoped that designers and researchers can apply the knowledge that has been obtained during the work of this thesis to their practical explorations so as to move towards new ways of thinking and designing, and further innovation in textile design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2017.
Series
University of Borås studies in artistic research, 20
National Category
Design Materials Engineering
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (Design)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-11896ISBN: 978-91-88269-35-5 (print)ISBN: 978-91-88269-36-2 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-11896DiVA: diva2:1074393
Public defence
2017-03-14, Textile Fashion Center, Skaraborgsvägen 3A, Borås, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-02-20 Created: 2017-02-15 Last updated: 2017-02-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Exploring the relation between time-based textile patterns and digital environments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the relation between time-based textile patterns and digital environments
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Presently, digital sketching environments have come to be used as a complement to the traditional manufacturing techniques for textiles; the research presented here looks into the area of time-based patterns and their relation to digital tools and textile structural techniques. Thus, the aim of this work is to expand on the existing methods used by designers, and to explore ways for capturing and expressing the complexity and temporality of pattern changes in textiles. Furthermore, our result sketches a method for using dynamic colors to design complex surface patterns for textiles by utilizing methods that facilitate the hiding and/or revealing of multiple colors and shapes on the printed surface of the textile; this method is discussed in connection to the different expressions that can be achieved by using knitting as media for print.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ambience`14&10i3m, 2014
Keyword
leuco-dye based thermochromic inks, dynamic pattern, time-based textile patterns, Smart textiles and fashion design
National Category
Humanities Humanities
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7217 (URN)2320/14141 (Local ID)2320/14141 (Archive number)2320/14141 (OAI)
Conference
Ambience`14&10i3m, Tampere Hall, Tampere, Finland, 7-9 September 2014
Note

Sponsorship:

Smart Textiles, an initiative in the Vinnova Vinnväxt programme

Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-02-15
2. Leuco Dye-based thermochromic inks: recipes as a guide for designing textile surfaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leuco Dye-based thermochromic inks: recipes as a guide for designing textile surfaces
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Although there has been some research on the use of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks in textile and fashion design, there is still a lack of research on how these inks can be used on textiles to create complex and dynamic patterns through textile printing. This paper provides information on the properties of leuco dye-pased thermochromic inks to facilitate the understanding and designing of dynamic surface-patterns, and demonstrates the color transitions of thermochromic inks at different temperatures. A practice-based design method was chosen to investigate two different reversible and water-based blue inks with activation temperatures of 27°C and 15°C. The result showed scales comprising the recipes that were used as a guide for designing textile surfaces. This paper contributes by making the color-changing process understandable and demonstrating the actual effects of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks at different temperatures for textile and fashion design. This facilitates designers to achieve more advanced textile surface patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AUTEX World Textile Conference, 2013
Keyword
leuco dye-based thermochromic inks, textile pigment paste, fashion design, printing technique, color-change, smart materail, Smart textiles
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6997 (URN)2320/12510 (Local ID)2320/12510 (Archive number)2320/12510 (OAI)
Conference
13th AUTEX World Textile Conference, Dresden Germany
Note

Sponsorship:

the work presented here was in part funded by the Smart Textiles initiative

Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-02-15
3. Crafting Butterfly Lace – Conductive Multi-Color Sensor-Actuator Structure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crafting Butterfly Lace – Conductive Multi-Color Sensor-Actuator Structure
2015 (English)In: Crafting Butterfly Lace – Conductive Multi-Color Sensor-Actuator Structure, 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic) [Artistic work]
Abstract [en]

The work describes background and methods involved in the development of Butterfly Lace, a conductive multi-color sensor-actuator structure that lies in the intersection of traditional craft and smart materials. Traditional craft is introduced as inspiration for developing smart textiles in lace structure. Both, the process of dyeing conductive threads with multi-color thermochromic pigment mixes and the technical set up for the sensor-actuator system are described.

The possibilities and challenges for the multi-color sensor-actuator combination in a lace structure are discussed based on the experience gained from working with the material. Potential applications are glanced for inspiration and future directions. 

Keyword
Smart textiles; craft qualities; thermochromic inks.
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (Design)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-8585 (URN)
Conference
ISWC, Osaka, Japan, Sept. 7-11
Available from: 2016-01-15 Created: 2016-01-15 Last updated: 2017-05-04Bibliographically approved
4. Demonstrating color transistions of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks as a teaching approach in textile and fashion design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Demonstrating color transistions of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks as a teaching approach in textile and fashion design
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Although there are a lot of interest concerning the use of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks in Textile and Fashion Design, there is still a lack of teaching approach to help students arrive at a better understanding of the color transitions of leuco dye thermochromic inks. This paper aims to share a systematic approach for teaching the behavior of leuco dye-based thermochromic inks to students in Textile and Fashion Design. Printed color-swatches and exercises were used as the central part of the approach. Through the approach it was described what printed color-swatches were and how to use them effectively to make color transitions understandable. The approach has been applied in several workshops at both Bachelor and Master level. The samples made by the students in the exercises clearly revealed that the approach created opportunities for students to craft an understanding of using leuco dye thermochromic inks through experimentation and individual exploration. Ultimately, this approach plays a fundamental role in the design process, the creation and the development of dynamic patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordic Design Research Conference 2013, Copenhagen-Malmö, 2013
Keyword
leuco dye-based thermochromic inks, textile and fashion design, teachnig approach, dynamic pattern, teachnig, smart textile, textile and fashion design
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6998 (URN)2320/12511 (Local ID)2320/12511 (Archive number)2320/12511 (OAI)
Conference
Nordic Design Research Conference 2013
Note

Farhang Alemzadeh for photo-shooting, the students at the Bachelor in Textile Design program, and the students at the Master in Textile and Fashion program.

Sponsorship:

the work presented here was in part funded by the Smart Textiles initiative

Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-02-20

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