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A New Cell Bypass Arrangement and Control for Modular Multilevel Converters based on Thyristor Forced Commutation Circuit
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES).
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

HVDC transmission lines are a competitive and in some cases are proven to bea superior choice compared to AC transmission applications. Suitable convertershave been developed for that matter where Modulär Multilevel Converters (MMC)are highly preferred due to their low losses, no filtering requirementsand direct andfast control of AC and DC side. However, the overall eciency of the converteris higher than of a six pulse voltage source converter, it is still lower than the linecommutated converter type.In this master thesis an attempt to decrease the conduction losses of the MMC isinvestigated. A new cell structure design used in MMC is proposed along with itsassociated control strategy. The main idea is to divert the current at steady stateoperation through thyristors, which have lower conduction resistance than IGBTsthat are used in MMC topologies, at time intervals where the capacitor is bypassedfrom the cell. This new cell commutation is tested initially in the lab and thenthe whole structure operation is validated on a 3 phase MMC PSCAD model. Theresults from the lab confirmed the commutation of the new cell and the results fromthe 3 phase model showed that the new cell structure does not disturb the normaloperation of the MMC. A rough loss comparison that have been conducted betweenthe new cell structure and a half bridge that is used in a typical MMC, showed thatthe first one was less efficient. For that reason a generalized concept is introducedwhich promise higher efficiency than of the proposed concept.

Abstract [sv]

HVDC transmission är ett fördelaktigt sätt att överföra eekt i jämförelse med ACtransmission. Omriktare har utvecklats för att passa applikationen, där ModularMultilevel Converters (MMC) har visat sig passa bra för HVDC på grund av de lågaförlusterna och dess obentliga krav på lter. Dessutom har de en direkt och snabbkontrollteori på både AC och DC sidan. Även om dess totala verkningsgrad är högreän hos six-pulse voltage source converter (VSC) men lägre än Line CommutatedConverter (LCC).Detta exjobb innefattar att minska ledningsförlusterna i MMCn. En ny designav cell strukturen föreslås, tillsammans med en passande kontrollteori. Idén äratt, på grund av dess lägre ledningsresistans använda tyristorer snarare än IGBTervilka annars är vanliga i MMCer, detta då kondensatorn är förbikopplad.. Dennya cellstrukturen testas initialt experimentellt i laboratorium och hela systemetvalideras genom simulering av en 3-fas MMC modell i PSCAD. De experimentellaresultaten bekräftade att den nya modellen fungerar och de simulerade resultatenvisar att den föreslagna topologin inte stör funktionen hos MMCn. En jämförelsemellan den nya topologin och den konventionella halvbridge strukturen har gjorts,där den föreslagna topologin hade lägre verkningsgrad. Istället har en generelltkoncept introducerats för att utlova en högre verkningsgrad än den först föreslagnatopologin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2016:180
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-201660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-201660DiVA, id: diva2:1073693
External cooperation
ABB
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-02-13 Last updated: 2017-02-13Bibliographically approved

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