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Friskfaktorer i läraryrket: En regressionsanalys om psykosocial arbetsmiljö, välmående och stress hos grundskolelärare
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health factors in the teaching profession : A regression analysis of the psychosocial work enviroment, wellbeing and stress of primary school teacher (English)
Abstract [en]

En enkätundersökning genomfördes vars syfte var att undersöka om det fanns en relation mellan grundskolelärares arbetsbetsrelaterade krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och subjektivt välmående. Syftet var också att undersöka om det fanns någon relation mellan arbetsbetsrelaterade krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och upplevelse av stress. Urvalet bestod av 365 grundskolelärare. Enkäten besvarades via en länk som med mail skickades ut till de grundskolor som valde att delta i undersökningen. En länk lades också ut på olika Facebook grupper för att öka stickprovets storlek. Prediktorerna krav, kontroll och socialt stöd mättes med General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPS Nordic-34+). Beroendevariabeln subjektivt välmående mättes med The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Beroendevariabeln stress mättes med QPS Nordic-34+. Data analyserades i dataprogrammet SPSS med hjälp av en multipel regressionsanalys. Resultatet visade att krav, kontroll och socialt stöd signifikant predicerade grundskolelärarnas välmående. Vidare visade resultatet att krav och kontroll signifikant predicerade upplevelsen av stress. Socialt stöd predicerade inte upplevelsen av stress signifikant. Trots vissa begränsningar i undersökningen har slutsatsen gjorts att krav, kontroll och socialt stöd är av betydelse för lärares välmående. Arbetsrelaterade krav och kontroll kan förklara deltagarnas upplevelse av stress. Resultatet diskuterades i relation till tidigare genomförda studier. För vidare forskning gavs förslag om att använda en skala som också mäter externa krav som kopplas ihop med grundskolelärares sociala interaktion med elever och deras vårdnadshavare.   

Abstract [en]

A survey was constructed whose purpose was to examine if there was a relationship between the primary school teacher work-related demands, control, social support and subjective well-being. The aim was also to examine whether there was any relationship between work-related demands, control, social support and experience of stress. The sample consisted of 365 primary school teacher. The questionnaire was answered by a link as with email was sent out to the schools that chose to participate in the survey. A link was also posted on various Facebookgroups to increase the sample size. The predictors demands, control and social support was measured with the General Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPS Nordic-34 +). Dependent variable subjective well-being was measured with The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Dependent variable stress was measured with QPS Nordic-34 +. Data were analyzed in the computer program SPSS using a multiple regression analysis. The results showed that demands, control and social support significantly predicted primary school teachers' well-being. The results also showed that demand and control significantly predicted the experience of stress. Social support predicted no experience of stress significantly. Despite some limitations in the study the conclusion has been made that the demands, control and social support are important for teachers' well-being. Work-related demands and control can explain participant’s experience of stress. The results were discussed in relation to previous studies. For further research a suggestion was to use a scale that also measures the external requirements linked with primary school teachers' social interaction with the pupils and their guardian.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
primary school teachers, wellbeing, work demands, control, social support
Keyword [sv]
Grundskolelärare, välmående, arbetskrav, kontroll, socialt stöd
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47838DiVA: diva2:1071338
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Psychology

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