Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Adjektivböjningens -a och -e: Ett seglivat variationstillstånd
Stockholms universitet.
2016 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 26, p. 69-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The adjectival agreement of noun phrases referring to human individuals in Swedish is renowned for its complex pattern of variation between -a and -e. This article reports three studies on the sub- ject. The first one maps the use of the marked form -e, and finds it to be mainly used for males and generic individuals, but occasionally also for other animates, such as animals, women, and nonpersonal agents. The variation between -a and -e for males has often been thought of as regionally governed, but the second study, based on blog texts, suggests that region plays a subordinate role (or possibly no role at all) in writing. Many factors have been said to influence the variation, and the third study reported in the article tests their impact with statistical methods on modern data. The results indicate that the variation in noun phrases referring to specific male individuals is more influenced by pragmatic and semantic factors, as compared to the variation in noun phrases referring to generic individuals, which is more affected by formal and lexical factors. This difference is interpreted as a consequence of how the referents are conceptualized.

The variation between -e and -a is often assumed to reveal an ongoing change. However, when the results of these studies are compared to a thorough description of the system from 1892, the emerging picture is one of enduring variation, influenced by the very same factors today as over a century ago.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Adolf Noreen-sällskapet för svensk språk- och stilforskning , 2016. Vol. 26, p. 69-100
Keywords [en]
semantic gender, animacy, semantic agreement, lexical agreement, referential agreement, adjectival agreement in Swedish
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314567OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-314567DiVA, id: diva2:1071272
Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-02-03 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(549 kB)333 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 549 kBChecksum SHA-512
616090faa50c624f5a9ff2f937105f24bf817a1e966d52e6d6b2b8d5a945d4194586a2c1f3c047d7c89d647ce6281c81c4eae5a1667463d9376a3c9d599cb9a9
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

In the same journal
Språk & Stil
Specific Languages

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 333 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 993 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf