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Paths Of Economic "Westernization" In The Late Soviet Union: Estonian Market Pioneers And Their Nordic Partners
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies. Univ Vienna, Inst East European Hist, Spitalgasse 2,Court 3, A-1090 Vienna, Austria..
2016 (English)In: AJALOOLINE AJAKIRI-THE ESTONIAN HISTORICAL JOURNAL, ISSN 1406-3859, no 3-4, p. 447-476Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Estonia's path towards a market economy started in 1987, when Gorbachev's market-oriented reform course allowed for an unprecedented level of autonomous cooperation with capitalist countries. The developing networks with Western companies and economists, in particular from the neutral Nordic neighbours Finland and Sweden, played a key role in the process of implementing an increasingly radical pro-market agenda. Unrestricted by diplomatic constraints, Swedish and Finnish entrepreneurs, investors and advisors established numerous links to the evolving Estonian business environment, which was promoted as a bridge to the vast Soviet market. The Nordic connection facilitated the early transfer of market economy thinking and practices to Soviet Estonia and kicked off a long-term rearrangement of economic linkages across the Baltic Sea. Taking into account this transnational cooperation contributes to a new understanding not only of Estonia's economic transformation, but also of the emergence of a new regional economic order that accompanied the geopolitical changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. no 3-4, p. 447-476
Keywords [en]
Soviet Estonian economy, perestroika, IME Proposal, market reforms, Swedish-Estonian relations, Finnish-Estonian relations
National Category
History Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314429DOI: 10.12697/AA.2016.3-4.06ISI: 000390899200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-314429DiVA, id: diva2:1070976
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2017-02-02 Created: 2017-02-02 Last updated: 2017-02-02Bibliographically approved

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Stöcker, Lars Fredrik
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