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Isoleringsrutiner gällande livsmedelsbegränsningar för patienter på sjukhus där allogena stamcellstransplantationer genomförs
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stamcellstransplantation är en behandlingsmetod mot flera olika typer av leukemi. Efter transplantationen blir patienten infektionskänslig. Vid detta tillstånd skyddsisoleras patienten och får en livsmedelsbegränsad kost.Syfte: Sammanställa och jämföra isoleringsrutiner gällande livsmedelsbegränsningar för patienter vid Sveriges hematoloigavdelningar där allogen transplantation sker och jämföra med aktuell forskning bakom livsmedelsbegränsningar.Metod: Tvärsnittsstudie vid jämförelsen av livsmedelsbegränsningarna vid Sveriges hematologiavdelningar samt en litteraturstudie vid undersökningen av aktuell forskning i databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl.Resultat: I tvärsnittsstudien använde alla sjukhusen olika rutiner. Ingen signifikant skillnad gällande infektionsincidensen mellan patienter som hade livsmedelsbegränsningar jämfört med de som inte hade det fanns i litteratursökningen.Slutsats: Livsmedelsbegränsningar minskar troligtvis inte infektionsrisken för infektionskänsliga patienter. Det behövs högkvalitativ forskning för att utforma tydliga riktlinjer kring vilka livsmedelsbegränsningar som bör användas.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stem cell transplantation is a treatment for patients with leukemia. After the transplantation, the patients are at a higher risk of getting an infection and are therefore kept in protective isolation and get a food restricted diet.Purpose: To compile and compare the differences in food restricted diet for neutropenic patients at the hematology departments in Sweden where stem cell transplantation is performed and compare food restricted diet to current research.Method: A cross-sectional study to compare the food restrictions and a literature study to find out what the current research says using Pubmed and Cinahl.Result: The cross-sectional study showed that all the hospitals used different diets. In the literature review, no significant difference regarding infections rates when comparing patients who ate a food restricted diet with those who did not.Conclusion: Food restrictions are unlikely to reduce the infection rate of neutropenic patients. More high quality research is needed to formulate clear guidelines about what food restricted diet should be used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
Food safety, neutropenia, stem cell transplantation, infection control
Keywords [sv]
Livsmedelsskydd, neutropeni, stamcellstransplantation, infektionskontroll
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-314355DiVA, id: diva2:1070617
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-02 Created: 2017-02-02Bibliographically approved

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