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Physical and psychosocial effects related to sleep inchildren with neurodevelopmental disorders: A study of the relationship between motor proficiency, sleep efficiency and possible influencing factors
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Fysiska och psykosociala aspekter av utvecklingsneurologiska störningar hos barn : En studie av sambandet mellan motorisk färdighet, sömneffektivitet och möjliga bidragande faktorer (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between sleep patterns, motor proficiency and commonly co-occurring neurodevelopmental disorders in children, attitude to physical activity, mental health, and age. The study also looked at differences in sleep efficiency, as well as, perceived adequacy in physical activity between typically developing children and children with low motor proficiency. The sample consisted of 127 participants, 6-12 years old living in Perth, Western Australia. 51% participants were considered typically developing and 49% to have low motor proficiency. Motor proficiency, indications of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder and anxiety/depression, adequacy in, or predilection for physical activity did not show a relationship to sleep efficiency. Significant differences between groups in sleep efficiency or adequacy in physical activity were not found. No interaction effect of neurodevelopmental disorders were identified. Sleep in children with movement impairments caused by neurodevelopmental disorders is an area where continued studies are of great importance. Although no relationship was identified in the current study, previous research has suggested sleep may play an important role for development and optimal everyday functioning. A better understanding of physical and psychological consequences and possible contributing factors of low motor proficiency in childhood is important as the risk of long-term dysfunction in emotional, cognitive and physical areas may be reduced in an optimal environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
Low motor proficiency, Sleep disturbances, Neurodevelopmental disorders, Developmental Coordination Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention- Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Self-efficacy, Physical activity, Mental health, Children
Keywords [sv]
Utvecklingsneurologiska störningar, Fysisk aktivitet, Sömneffektivitet, Barn
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-60387OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-60387DiVA, id: diva2:1070581
Subject / course
Psychology
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Available from: 2017-02-08 Created: 2017-01-31 Last updated: 2017-02-08Bibliographically approved

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