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An Embodied Account of Early Executive-Function Development: Prospective Motor Control in Infancy Is Related to Inhibition and Working Memory
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1326-6177
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2016 (English)In: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 1600-1610Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of executive functioning for later life outcomes, along with its potential to be positively affected by intervention programs, motivates the need to find early markers of executive functioning. In this study, 18-month-olds performed three executive-function tasksinvolving simple inhibition, working memory, and more complex inhibitionand a motion-capture task assessing prospective motor control during reaching. We demonstrated that prospective motor control, as measured by the peak velocity of the first movement unit, is related to infants' performance on simple-inhibition and working memory tasks. The current study provides evidence that motor control and executive functioning are intertwined early in life, which suggests an embodied perspective on executive-functioning development. We argue that executive functions and prospective motor control develop from a common source and a single motive: to control action. This is the first demonstration that low-level movement planning is related to higher-order executive control early in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 27, no 12, p. 1600-1610
Keyword [en]
prospective motor control, motor development, executive functions, reaching, infancy
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-314054DOI: 10.1177/0956797616667447ISI: 000390582500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-314054DiVA, id: diva2:1068970
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 312292
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Gottwald, Janna M.Achermann, SheilaMarciszko, CarinLindskog, MarcusGredebäck, Gustaf
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