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Omvårdnadsinterventioner vid hyperaktivitet i samband med demenssjukdom: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing Interventions in hyperactivity related to dementia : A systematic review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demenssjukdom blir allt vanligare och risken att drabbas ökar i takt med stigande ålder. Beteendemässiga och psykiska symtom vid demenssjukdom (BPSD) förekommer ibland till följd av demenssjukdomen. BPSD delas in i fyra huvudgrupper där hyperaktivitet innebär vandring, upprepat frågande, muntligt störande beteende samt agitation och aggressivitet, som är något av det svåraste och mest utmanande att bemöta för omgivningen. Syfte: Syftet var att sammanställa omvårdnadsinterventioner vid hyperaktivitet i samband med demenssjukdom. Metod: Metoden var en systematisk litteraturöversikt enligt SBUs riktlinjer. De kvantitativa studierna analyserades med stöd i processen för manifest innehållsanalys enligt Graneheim & Lundman (2003). Resultat: I resultatet framkom två övergripande typer av omvårdnadsinterventioner: Generella omvårdnadsinterventioner med tre grupper: Musik minskar agitation och aggressivitet, Närhet till hundar kan stabilisera agitation och aggressivitet, och Ljusterapi för bättre dygnsrytm minskar agitation. Individuellt anpassade omvårdnadsinterventioner med två grupper: Interventioner utifrån patientens intressen minskar beteendeproblem och Individualiserad Montessori intervention minskar agitation. Resultatet indikerade att generella omvårdnadsinterventioner hade en kortvarig effekt på patienterna medan omvårdnadsinterventioner baserade på individens behov antydde ett bättre och mer långvarigt resultat. Konklusion: Rätt metoder är en förutsättning för att kunna hjälpa människor samt att de är utformade för rätt målgrupp och sker evidensbaserat. Eftersom omvårdnadsinterventioner vid hyperaktivitet indikerade en kortvarig effekt behöver samtlig personal arbeta aktivt och kontinuerligt med individuellt anpassade omvårdnadsinterventioner med hänsyn till patientens bakgrund, vilket överensstämmer med Socialstyrelsens riktlinjer (Socialstyrelsen 2010).

Abstract [en]

Background: Dementia is increasingly common, and the risk increases with age. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) sometimes occur as a result of dementia. BPSD is divided into four main groups where hyperactivity containing wandering, verbal behavior and agitation/aggression, is one of the most difficult and challenging symptoms that both caregivers and family members are faced with. The purpose: The purpose was to compile nursing interventions that can limit hyperactivity in dementia care. Method: The method was a systematic literature review carried out under SBUs guidelines. The quantitative studies were analyzed with the support of the process of content analysis according to Graneheim & Lundman (2003). Results: The result revealed two main types of nursing interventions: General nursing interventions with three groups: Music reduces agitation and aggression, Dogs within close proximity can stabilize both agitation and aggression and Light therapy improves circadian rhythm and thereby decreases agitation. Personalized care interventions with two groups: Patient interest based interventions decreases behavioral problems and Montessori interventions which focus on the person as an individual reduces agitation. The result indicated that the general nursing interventions had a short term effect on patients. However, the interventions based on individualized care suggested a better and longer lasting effect. Conclusion: The right methods are a prerequisite to be able to help people and that they are formed evidence based for the right purpose. As the nursing interventions for hyperactivity only provide short term effect, the staff caring for the patient need to work actively as well as continuously with individualized interventions with respect to the patients background, which is consistent with the Social board’s guidelines (The Social board 2010).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 43
Keyword [en]
dementia, BPSD- behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, hyperactivity, nursing intervention, district nurse
Keyword [sv]
demens, BPSD- beteendemässiga och psykologiska symtom vid demenssjukdom, hyperaktivitet, omvårdnadsintervention, distriktssköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47680OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47680DiVA, id: diva2:1066865
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-13 Created: 2017-01-19 Last updated: 2017-02-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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