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Language and pragmatic abilities in children with ADHD and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder: The importance of Speech and Language Pathologists in neurodevelopmental assessment
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Språkliga och pragmatiska förmågor hos barn med ADHD och/eller autismspektrumstörning : Vikten av logoped som del i neuropsykiatrisk utredning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Children with neurodevelopmental disorders like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often suffer from variable impairments in language and pragmatic abilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate language and pragmatics in children with ADHD and/or ASD (D-group) compared with a control group with no diagnose (ND-group). 22 children with diagnose, 4 girls and 18 boys aged 9:4–13:6, and 26 children with typical development, 10 girls and 16 boys, aged 10:5–13:4 were tested with a battery of tests concerning language and pragmatics. Their parents filled in a questionnaire regarding pragmatic abilities. The D-group performed poorer than the ND-group in all tests. Correlations were found between several pragmatic and language tests results in the D-group, and a few correlations were found in the ND-group. Some tests were particularly difficult for the D-group. An attempt was made to find subgroups in the D-groups test results via cluster analysis, but without success. The results emphasize the need of routine speech-language pathologist assessment during diagnostic evaluation of children with neurodevelopmental disabilities.

Abstract [sv]

Barn med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar som Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) och/eller autismspektrumtillstånd (ASD) uppvisar ofta mer eller mindre subtila svårigheter med språk och pragmatik. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka språkliga och pragmatiska förmågor hos barn med ADHD och/eller ASD (D-grupp) jämfört med en kontrollgrupp utan diagnos (ND-grupp). 22 barn med diagnos varav 4 flickor och 18 pojkar i åldrarna 9:4–13:6, och 26 barn i åldrarna 10:5–13:4 rekryterades och testades med ett batteri av språkliga och pragmatiska tester. Deras föräldrar fyllde även i ett formulär om barnens pragmatiska förmågor. D-gruppen hade sämre resultat än kontroll-gruppen i alla tester. Korrelationer hittades mellan flera pragmatiska och språkliga testresultat i D-gruppen, och några korrelationer hittades även i ND-gruppen. Vissa test var speciellt svåra för D-gruppen. Ett försök att finna undergrupper i D-gruppens testresultat via klusteranalys gjordes även, men utan framgång. Resultaten understryker vikten av logopedisk bedömning som del i multiprofessionell neuropsykiatrisk utredning. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 71
Series
Masterarbete i logopedi ; 02
Keywords [en]
Language, pragmatics, narrative ability, ADHD, ASD, SLP
Keywords [sv]
Språk, pragmatik, narrativ förmåga, ADHD, autism, logoped
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-313217DiVA, id: diva2:1066335
Subject / course
Logopedi
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-18 Created: 2017-01-17 Last updated: 2017-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Johanna Hartler SLP-Master thesis Uppsala 2016(1017 kB)368 downloads
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