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Adjektivböjningens -a och -e: Ett seglivat variationstillstånd
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9881-4747
2016 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 26, p. 69-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

The adjectival agreement of noun phrases referring to human individuals in Swedish is renowned for its complex pattern of variation between -a and -e. This article reports three studies on the subject.The first one maps the use of the marked form -e, and finds it to be mainly used for males and generic individuals, but occasionally also for other animates, such as animals, women, and nonpersonal agents. The variation between -a and -e for males has often been thought of as regionally governed, but the second study, based on blog texts, suggests that region plays a subordinate role(or possibly no role at all) in writing. Many factors have been said to influence the variation, and the third study reported in the article tests their impact with statistical methods on modern data. Theresults indicate that the variation in noun phrases referring to specific male individuals is more influenced by pragmatic and semantic factors, as compared to the variation in noun phrases referring to generic individuals, which is more affected by formal and lexical factors. This difference is interpretedas a consequence of how the referents are conceptualized.The variation between -e and -a is often assumed to reveal an ongoing change. However, when theresults of these studies are compared to a thorough description of the system from 1892, the emerging picture is one of enduring variation, influenced by the very same factors today as over a century ago.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 26, p. 69-100
Keyword [en]
semantic gender, animacy, semantic agreement, lexical agreement, referential agreement, adjectival agreement in Swedish.
Keyword [sv]
semantiskt genus, animathet, semantisk kongruens, adjektivböjning, sexusböjning
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-137821OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-137821DiVA, id: diva2:1065585
Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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