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Sjuksköterskors upplevelse vid vård av patienter med substansbrukssyndrom
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Tidigare forskning visar att sjuksköterskor har förutfattade meningar om patienter med en stigmatiserande diagnos. Sjuksköterskor stigmatiserar och har negativa attityder som påverkar deras vård av dessa patienter. Individer med substansbrukssyndrom är en grupp som är särskilt utsatt för stigmatisering i samhället. Dessa individer påträffas inom samtliga specialiteter inom vården. Denna studie fokuserar därför på sjuksköterskors upplevelse av patienter med substansbrukssyndrom.

Syfte

Syftet med denna studie var att studera sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda patienter med substansbrukssyndrom.

Metod

Metoden som användes var en systematisk litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats.

Huvudresultat

Studiens resultat delas upp i “Substansbrukssyndrom som misslyckande eller sjukdom”, “Sjuksköterskans attityd till patienter med substansbrukssyndrom”, “Upplevda egenskaper hos patienter med substansbrukssyndrom”, “Patientens behov” och “Sjuksköterskors behov av utbildning”. Stigmatisering av substansbrukssyndrom medförde att sjuksköterskor förhöll sig till dessa patienter på olika sätt. Det berodde på om de såg på substansbrukssyndrom som ett misslyckande eller en sjukdom, vilket i sin tur påverkades av hur mycket kunskap sjuksköterskor hade om sjukdomen substansbrukssyndrom. Sjuksköterskor var mer eller mindre stigmatiserande vilket påverkade deras inställning till dessa patienter.

Slutsats

Ytterligare utbildning rekommenderas för att ge sjuksköterskor en bättre förståelse för patienters perspektiv. Det krävs vidare forskning inom området för att få en djupare förståelse om sjuksköterskors upplevelser om patienter med substansbrukssyndrom.

Abstract [en]

Background

Previous research shows that nurses have preconceived ideas of patients with a stigmatized disease. Nurses stigmatize and have negative attitudes that affect their care of these patients. Individuals with substance related disorders as a group are particularly prone to stigmatization in society. These individuals exist in all specialties of healthcare. This review therefore focuses on nurses’ experiences regarding patients with substance related disorders.

Aim

The purpose of this review was to investigate the nurses' experiences of caring for patients with substance related disorders.

Method

The method used was a systematic literature with qualitative approach.

Findings

The results are divided into "Substance related disorders as failure or disease," "The nurses attitude to patients with substance related disorders", "Perceived characteristics of patients with substance related disorders," "The patients’ needs" and "The nurses need of education. "The stigmatization of substance related disorders affected nurses’ attitudes towards these patients in a variety of ways. The attitude depended on whether nurses look at substance related disorders as a failure or as a disease. This was influenced by the nurses’ level of knowledge regarding substance related disorders. Nurses could be more or less stigmatizing, which would affect their approach to these patients.

Conclusion

Advanced training is recommended to give nurses a better understanding of patients ́ perspective. Further research is required in order to gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experiences regarding patients with substance related disorder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 47
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-312909DiVA, id: diva2:1065315
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-17 Created: 2017-01-14 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved

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