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Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) vid bröstcancer: - en litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and breast cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Mindfulness är ett nytt koncept inom omvårdnad. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) är ett program som utvecklats från mindfulness inom vården. MBSR har studerats i samband med olika sjukdomar däribland cancer. Bröstcancer är den vanligaste maligna cancern hos kvinnor världen över och att få en cancerdiagnos medför både fysiska och psykiska svårigheter.

Syfte: Att beskriva effekter av MBSR på personer med bröstcancer.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt baserad på RCT-studier (randomised controlled trials). Datainsamling gjordes via CINAHL, Medline och PsychINFO och tolv RCT-studier granskades med en induktiv ansats.

Resultat: Resultatet bygger på tolv RCT studier som jämför MBSR med vanlig behandling (VB) och är indelat i effekter avseende fysiskt välmående, effekter avseende psykiskt välmående, effekter avseende hantering och effekter avseende socialt välmående.

Slutsats: Generellt finns kortsiktiga positiva effekter till följd av MBSR-programmet hos personer med bröstcancer. Dock är dessa effekter ofta uppmätta direkt efter interventionen och flera studier visar att dess effekt minskar efter tolv månader. Evidensen för att använda MBSR i vården av personer med bröstcancer är ännu låg och fler studier med längre uppföljning bör göras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mindfulness is a fairly new concept in nursing. The MBSR-programme (Mindfulness based stress reduction) was developed from mindfulness in healthcare. MBSR has been studied in relation to different healthcare settings and illnesses there among cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer amongst women worldwide. To live with cancer entails both psychological and physical issues.

Aim: To describe the effects of MBSR on persons with breast cancer.

Method: A literature review based on RCT-studies (randomised controlled trials). Data collection was done using CINAHL, Medline and PsychINFO and twelve RCT-studies was examined with an inductive approach.

Results: The result is based on twelve RCT-studies comparing MBSR with standard treatment and presented in effects related to: physical wellbeing, psychological wellbeing, coping and social wellbeing.

Conclusion: Generally, there are short term positive effects of the MBSR-programme on persons with breast cancer. These effects are often measured directly after the intervention and several studies show that the effects diminish after twelve months. Evidence to use MBSR in healthcare for persons with breast cancer is still low and more studies with longer follow up should be conducted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
MBSR, RCT, Nursing, Review article
Keywords [sv]
MBSR, RCT, Omvårdnad, Litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-34685ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20170138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-34685DiVA, id: diva2:1064943
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-01 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-02-01Bibliographically approved

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