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Obstruktiv sömnapné och livskvalité bland kvinnor och män: En deskripitiv enkätstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Obstruktiv sömnapné en är sjukdom som innebär att man under nattsömnen drabbas av perioder då andningen upphör helt. För den drabbade kan detta leda till konsekvenser för den somatiska hälsan såväl som den psykiska. Tidigare forskning har även kunnat påvisa påverkan på patienternas livskvalité. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka vilken inverkan obstruktivt sömnapnésyndrom har på hälsorelaterad livskvalitémen också psykisk hälsa hos patienter i Sverige samt om det finns skillnader mellan olika undergrupper

Metod: Studien var en deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie men kvantitativ ansats. I studien deltog 19 patienter med obstruktiv sömnapné och data samlades in via en enkät där det förutom ålder, kön, längd, vikt och dagsömnighet (Epworth sleepiness scale; ESS) också samlades in data om hälsorelaterad livskvalité (SF-12) och psykisk hälsa (HADS). Inklusionskriterier var patienter med obehandlad sömnapné som kom till Sömn- och andningcentrum på Akademiska sjukhuset för att prova ut en CPAP. Materialet analyserades med deskriptiv statistik genom bearbetning i datorprogrammet SPSS och jämförelser mellan grupper gjordes med hjälp av Mann Whitney U-test.

Huvudresultat: I resultatet framkom att majoriteten av deltagarna i studien hade en sämre fysisk och psykisk hälsorelaterad livskvalité och att majoriteten upplevde att de hade ångestsymtom. Kvinnor med obstruktiv sömnapné visade mer depression- och ångestsymtom och patienter med sömnapné med samtidig fetma hade sämre fysisk hälsorelaterad livskvalité.

Slutsats: Obstruktiv sömnapné är kopplat till både sämre hälsorelaterade livskvalité och psykiska symtom. Vidare forskning och ytterligare arbete med patientgruppen krävs för att förbättra vården för patienter med obstruktiv sömnapné.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea is an illness which means that during nighttime-sleep, the patient experiences episodes in which she cease to breath. To the affected this can result in implications for both the somatic and the mental health. Earlier research also points towards the patient’s quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine how obstructive sleep apnea affect quality of life among patients in Sweden and if these patients experience effect on their mental health and if it’s differences between subgroups.

Method: A quantitative cross sectional study was made. 19 patients with obstructive sleep apnea was participating and data was collected via forms that, beside age, sex, height, weight and day-sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale; ESS), also was based on the health related quality of life (SF-12) and mental health (HADS). Inclusion criteria was patients with nontreated sleep apnea that attended The Center for Sleep and Breathing at Akademiska sjukhuset to try out a CPAP. Collected data was analyzed with descriptive statistics by processing it in the computer program SPSS and comparisons between groups was made with Mann Whitney U-tests.

Result: In the result it became apparent that the majority of the participants of the study had an inferior physical and mental health related quality of life and that the majority experienced anxiety. Women with obstructive sleep apnea showed more depression- and anxiety symptoms and patients with obesity had an inferior physical health related quality of life.

Conclusion: Obstructive sleep apnea is tied to both health related quality of life and mental health. Further research and additional work with this patient group is needed to enhance the care of patients with obstructive sleep apnea.Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea, quality of life, mental hea

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
obstructive sleep apnea, quality of life, mental health
Keywords [sv]
obstruktiv sömnapné, livskvalité, psykisk hälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-312817DiVA, id: diva2:1064851
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved

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