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Omvårdnadsbehov och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid hjärtsvikt i palliativt skede
Karlstad University.
Karlstad University.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Care needs and care measures in heart failure in the palliative phase (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hjärtsvikt är en allvarlig sjukdom med hög mortalitet och förr eller senare uppstår behov av palliativ vård.  Syftet med studien var att beskriva omvårdnadsbehov samt omvårdnadsåtgärder vid hjärtsvikt i palliativt skede. Metod: Den metod som användes var systematisk litteraturstudie. Nio artiklar inkluderades. De granskades och huvudkategorier med underkategorier bildades. Resultat: De sex kategorier som framkom var; Brister i kommunikation, information och stöd; Existentiella; Dyspné; Fatigue och depression; Ångest och Minskad rörelseförmåga. Patienternas behov var symtomlindring, god omvårdnad och bättre kommunikation vid vård i livets slutskede. Konklusion: Distriktsköterskan fungerade som en länk åt patienten. Samarbete med andra professioner var önskvärt. Kunskap, information, symtomlindring och god vård spelade en viktig roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med hjärtsvikt. De resultat som framkom ger en vägvisning om vilka faktorer som spelar roll för omvårdnaden av patienter med hjärtsvikt i palliativt skede.

Abstract [en]

Background: Heart failure is a serious illness with high mortality and sooner or later arises the need for palliative care. The aim of this study was to describe the care needs and care measurses for patients with heart failure in a palliative stage. Method: the method used was a systematic literature study. Nine articles were included. They were reviewed then categories and subcathegories was formed. Results: The six categories that emerged were deficits in communication, information and support; Existential; Dyspnea; Fatigue and Depression; Anxiety and Reduced mobility. Patients’ needs where symptom relief, good care and better communication at the end of life. Conclusion: The districtnurse acts as a link to the patient. Cooperation with other professions is desirable. Knowledge, information, symptom relief and good care play an important role in the care of patients with heart failure. The result that emerged gives a guidance on which factors play an important role in care of patients with heart failure in the palliative phase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Heart failure, caring, interventions, palliative care, hospice, end of life care.
Keywords [sv]
Hjärtsvikt, omvårdnad, interventioner, hospice, palliativ vård, vård i livets slutskede.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-47596OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-47596DiVA, id: diva2:1062693
Subject / course
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, Graduate Diploma
Educational program
Nursing Specialisation: Public Health Care (75 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-08 Last updated: 2017-01-12Bibliographically approved

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