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Angiopoetin-2 Signals Do Not Mediate the Hypervascularization of Islets in Type 2 Diabetes
Univ Bremen, Ctr Biomol Interact, Bremen, Germany..
Univ Bremen, Ctr Biomol Interact, Bremen, Germany..
Univ Bremen, Ctr Biomol Interact, Bremen, Germany..
Univ Illinois, Div Transplantat, Chicago, IL USA..
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 9, article id e0161834Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims Changes in the islet vasculature have been implicated in the regulation of beta-cell survival and function during the progression to type 2 diabetes (T2D). Failure of the beta-cell to compensate for the increased insulin demand in obesity eventually leads to diabetes; as a result of the complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors (e.g. ongoing inflammation within the islets) and impaired vascular function. The Angiopoietin/Tie (Ang/Tie) angiogenic system maintains vasculature and is closely related to organ inflammation and angiogenesis. In this study we aimed to identify whether the vessel area within the islets changes in diabetes and whether such changes would be triggered by the Tie-antagonist Ang-2. Methods Immunohistochemical and qPCR analyses to follow islet vascularization and Ang/Tie levels were performed in human pancreatic autopsies and isolated human and mouse islets. The effect of Ang-2 was assessed in beta-cell-specific Ang-2 overexpressing mice during high fat diet (HFD) feeding. Results Islet vessel area was increased in autopsy pancreases from patients with T2D. The vessel markers Tie-1, Tie-2 and CD31 were upregulated in mouse islets upon HFD feeding from 8 to 24 weeks. Ang-2 was transiently upregulated in mouse islets at 8 weeks of HFD and under glucolipotoxic conditions (22.2mMglucose/0.5 mMpalmitate) in vitro in human and mouse islets, in contrast to its downregulation by cytokines (IL-1 beta, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha). Ang-1 on the other hand was oppositely regulated, with a significant loss under glucolipotoxic condition, a trend to reduce in islets from patients with T2D and an upregulation by cytokines. Modulation of such changes in Ang-2 by its overexpression or the inhibition of its receptor Tie-2 impaired beta-cell function at basal conditions but protected islets from cytokine induced apoptosis. In vivo, beta-cell-specific Ang-2 overexpression in mice induced hypervascularization under normal diet but contrastingly led to hypovascularized islets in response to HFD together with increased apoptosis and reduced beta-cell mass. Conclusions Islet hypervascularization occurs in T2D. A balanced expression of the Ang1/Ang2 system is important for islet physiology. Ang-2 prevents beta-cell mass and islet vascular adaptation in response to HFD feeding with no major influence on glucose homeostasis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 9, article id e0161834
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311613DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161834ISI: 000383653100010PubMedID: 27617438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311613DiVA, id: diva2:1060874
Funder
EU, European Research CouncilGerman Research Foundation (DFG)
Available from: 2016-12-30 Created: 2016-12-30 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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