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Patientvärdighet i vården ur sjuksköterskans perspektiv
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Att vara patient innebär att befinna sig i en utsatt situation. Inom omvårdnad är därför de etiska frågorna av stor betydelse och rätten till värdighet är en grundläggande princip. Sjuksköterskan har en viktig roll för att bevara och främja patientens upplevelse att bli bemött med värdighet. Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka hur sjuksköterskor tänker kring värdighet inom omvårdnad och hur de arbetar för att bevara patienters värdighet i det dagliga omvårdnadsarbetet. Metodbeskrivning: Kvalitativ studie med individuella intervjuer som analyserats genom innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultatet visar att bemötande, respekt för autonomi, integritet och delaktighet lyftes fram som grundläggande aspekter inom värdighet. Att utgå från individen, skydda kroppen och främja autonomi, genom att utforska vad patienten själv kan göra och därefter främja självständigheten, beskrevs som betydelsefulla faktorer i omvårdnadsarbetet. Slutsats: Intervjupersonerna var samstämmiga kring vad värdighet innebär och hur det kan främjas. Tidspress och stress lyftes som den främsta orsaken som försvårade deras främjande av patientens värdighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Being a patient puts you in an exposed position. Therefore the ethical questions within nursing have a significant role, and the right to dignity is a basic principle. The nurse holds a key role to preserve and promote the patient's experience of being met with dignity.   Purpose: The aim was to explore nurses’ thoughts about dignity within nursing and how they work to preserve the patients’ dignity in the daily routine.  Method: Qualitative study with individual interviews that are analyzed through content analysis.  Result: The result shows that personal treatment, respecting autonomy, integrity, and patient participation were highlighted as key aspects within preserving dignity. To emanate from the individual, protect the body, and promote autonomy by exploring what the patient is capable of doing independently and support this, were described as key aspects in nursing. 

Conclusion: All the interviewed subjects were consistent in what dignity means and how it can be preserved. Time pressure and stress were flagged as the main reasons of making the promotion of patient dignity more difficult. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
dignity, nurse, nursing action, patient, hospital ward
Keywords [sv]
värdighet, sjuksköterska, omvårdnadshandling, patient, vårdavdelning
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311439DiVA, id: diva2:1060157
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-28 Created: 2016-12-27 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved

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