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Serum levels of brominated flame retardants (BFRs: PBDE, HBCD) and influence of dietary factors in a population-based study on Swedish adults
Swedish Natl Food Agcy, Uppsala, Sweden..
Swedish Natl Food Agcy, Uppsala, Sweden..
Swedish Natl Food Agcy, Uppsala, Sweden..
Swedish Natl Food Agcy, Uppsala, Sweden..
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2017 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 167, p. 485-491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate associations between serum concentrations of brominated flame retardants and personal characteristics, including diet, in adults participating in a population-based study in Sweden 2010-11. Moreover, observed concentrations were used in a health risk assessment, using published health-based reference values. Serum samples of 170 adult individuals of both sexes were analyzed for 10 PBDE congeners and HBCD by GC-MS. When including concentrations between LOD and LOQ, highest median serum concentration was observed for BDE-153 (1.2 ng/g serum lipid), followed by BDE-209 (0.95 ng/g lipid), BDE-47 (0.49 ng/g lipid) and BDE-100 (0.21 ng/g lipid). Median concentration of HBCD was 0.10 ng/g lipid. A few markedly elevated concentrations of BDE-209, HBCD (77-78 ng/g lipid) and BDE-47 (44 ng/g lipid) were observed. The only statistical significant findings were higher BDE-153 concentrations in men than in women, and positive associations between serum BDE-153 concentrations and consumption of fish (total), beef, mutton and poultry. PBDE concentrations were in accordance with concentrations reported in other European countries but generally lower than those found in North America. Median PBDE serum concentrations observed in adults from Sweden suggest sufficient health protection, when compared with published health-based reference values, although some outliers with high serum concentrations had lower safety margins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 167, p. 485-491
Keyword [en]
Brominated flame retardants, PBDE, HBCD, Serum, Population-based survey, Diet
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311167DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.008ISI: 000388543400057PubMedID: 27750173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311167DiVA, id: diva2:1059490
Funder
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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