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Turkish- and German-speaking bilingual 4-to-6-year-olds living in Sweden: Effects of age, SES and home language input on vocabulary production
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Home Language Research, ISSN 2537-7043, Vol. 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates vocabulary production in the minority home languages of 40 Turkish-Swedish and 38 German-Swedish bilingual preschoolers aged 4;0–6;11, growing up in Sweden. We explore how age, SES, and exposure via mother-tongue instruction and home language use in the family affect child vocabulary skills. This has not previously been investigated in Sweden. Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (CLTs; Haman, Łuniewska & Pomiechowska, 2015) were used to test noun and verb production in Turkish and German. Background information was collected using a parental questionnaire. The two bilingual groups performed equally well in their respective home languages, Turkish and German. There were no effects of age, socio-economic status (SES) or mother-tongue instruction on vocabulary. However, input in the home setting had a clear effect. Children whose parents used the home language to the child and to each other had significantly higher vocabulary production scores. Having additional home-language input providers such as friends also affected the scores. These results from a Swedish context echo findings from studies of other language combinations and reveal the importance of input for the development of expressive vocabulary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canterbury, NZ, 2016. Vol. 1, p. 17-41
Keywords [en]
bilingual, CLT (cross-linguistic lexical task), German, input, preschoolers, Swedish, Turkish, vocabulary
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Linguistics; Turkic languages; German
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311159OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311159DiVA, id: diva2:1058900
Projects
BiLI-TAS
Funder
Swedish Research Council, VR2013-1309Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Bohnacker, UteLindgren, JosefinÖztekin, Buket
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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