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Att möta barn med stickrädsla på röntgen: En integrativ litteraturöversikt
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
meeting children with a fear of needles in the radiology department : An integrative review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Nålar beskrivs av barn som det mest skrämmande vid sjukhusbesök. Vårdpersonalen spelar en viktig roll för upplevelsen av undersökningen. Kunskap och förståelse för såväl patienten som den medicinska utrustningen kan vara avgörande för patientens upplevelse. Röntgensjuksköterskan har begränsade kunskaper och erfarenheter av barns upplevelser på röntgenavdelningen. Syftet: Syftet med denna integrativa litteraturöversikt var att granska och sammanställa metoder för att kunna möta barn med stickrädsla som undersöks på röntgenavdelningen. Metod: En integrativ litteraturöversikt har utförts där 12 vetenskapliga artiklar har kvalitetsgranskats, analyserats, kategoriserats samt sammanställts till ett resultat. Resultat: Fem kategorier identifierades och utformade resultatkategorier. Vår litteraturstudie visar att röntgensjuksköterskor kan använda många olika metoder och tekniker för att hjälpa stickrädda barn till minskad oro, ångest samt smärta. Konklusion: Slutsatserna i litteraturstudien visar att röntgensjuksköterskan har en stor och viktig roll i vård mötet med barn. Barns oro, rädsla och smärta kan lindras med hjälp av individuellt anpassat bemötande.  

Abstract [en]

Needles are described by children as the most frightening part during the hospital visit. Caregivers play an important role in the experience of the examination. Knowledge and understanding of both the patient and the medical equipment can be crucial to the patient's experience. The radiographer has limited knowledge of children´s experiences in the radiology department. Purpose: The aim of this paper was to compile different methods how to meet children with fear of needles at the radiology department. Methods: An integrative literature review has been conducted, which includes 12 scientific articles who have been quality reviewed, analyzed, categorized and finally the result has been compiled in form of a synthesis. Results: Five categories were identified and formed as result categories. Our literature review shows that the radiographers can use many different methods and techniques to help children who fear needles to reduced anxiety and pain. Conclusion: The findings of the literature shows that the radiographer has a large and important role in the care meeting with children. Children's anxiety, fear and pain can be reduced with the help of individually tailored treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Medication, needle related medical procedures, parents, preparation, radiographer, resources, treatment.
Keywords [sv]
bemötande, föräldrar, förberedelser, hjälpmedel, läkemedel, nålrelaterade medicinska procedurer, röntgensjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-61137DiVA, id: diva2:1057623
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits; Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Diagnostic Radiology Nursing, bachelor's level; Diagnostic Radiology Nursing, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2017-01-02Bibliographically approved

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