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Antileukemic Scalarane Sesterterpenoids and Meroditerpenoid from Carteriospongia (Phyllospongia) sp., Induce Apoptosis via Dual Inhibitory Effects on Topoisomerase II and Hsp90
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Division of Pharmacognosy. Natl Dong Hwa Univ, Grad Inst Marine Biol, Pingtung 944, Taiwan.;Natl Museum Marine Biol Aquarium, Pingtung 944, Taiwan.;Kaohsiung Med Univ, Coll Pharm, Grad Inst Nat Prod, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan..
Kaohsiung Med Univ Hosp, Dept Internal Med, Div Hematol Oncol, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan.;Kaohsiung Med Univ, Coll Med, Fac Med, Dept Internal Med, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan..
Natl Dong Hwa Univ, Grad Inst Marine Biol, Pingtung 944, Taiwan.;Natl Museum Marine Biol Aquarium, Pingtung 944, Taiwan..
Ain Shams Univ, Dept Pharmacognosy & Nat Prod Chem, Fac Pharm, Org African Unity St, Cairo 11566, Egypt..
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2016 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, 36170Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two new scalarane sesterterpenoids, 12 beta-(3'beta-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-20,24-dimethyl-24-oxo-scalara-16-en-25-al (1) and 12 beta-(3'beta-hydroxypentanoyloxy)-20,24-dimethyl-24-oxo-scalara-16-en-25-al (2), along with one known tetraprenyltoluquinol-related metabolite (3), were isolated from the sponge Carteriospongia sp. In leukemia Molt 4 cells, 1 at 0.0625 mu g/mL (125 nM) triggered mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) disruption and apoptosis showing more potent effect than 2 and 3. The isolates inhibited topoisomerase II alpha expression. The apoptotic-inducing effect of 3 was supported by the in vivo experiment through suppressing the volume of xenograft tumor growth (47.58%) compared with the control. Compound 1 apoptotic mechanism of action in Molt 4 cells was further elucidated through inducing ROS generation, calcium release and ER stress. Using the molecular docking analysis, 1 exhibited more binding affinity to N-terminal ATP-binding pocket of Hsp90 protein than 17-AAG, a standard Hsp90 inhibitor. The expression of Hsp90 client proteins, Akt, p70(S6k), NF kappa B, Raf-1, p-GSK3 beta, and XIAP, MDM 2 and Rb2, and CDK4 and Cyclin D3, HIF1 and HSF1 were suppressed by the use of 1. However, the expression of Hsp70, acetylated tubulin, and activated caspase 3 were induced after 1 treatment. Our results suggested that the proapoptotic effect of the isolates is mediated through the inhibition of Hsp90 and topoisomerase activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, 36170
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308635DOI: 10.1038/srep36170ISI: 000386462100001PubMedID: 27796344OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-308635DiVA: diva2:1050832
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studies on anti-leukemic terpenoids from medicinal mushrooms and marine sponges with ChemGPS-NP-based targets investigation of lead compounds
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studies on anti-leukemic terpenoids from medicinal mushrooms and marine sponges with ChemGPS-NP-based targets investigation of lead compounds
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the anti-leukemic activity of terpenoids isolated from medicinal mushrooms and marine sponges, as well as their possible targets and mechanisms of action.

In the first section, we focused on studying the triterpenoidal components of three triterpenoid-enriched medicinal mushrooms Antrodia cinnamomea, Ganoderma lucidum, and Poria cocos, which have been used in folk medicine for centuries and also developed into several contemporary marketed products. We isolated the major and characteristic triterpenoids from these mushrooms, together with six new lanostanoids (II-1II-6). The anti-leukemic activity of the isolates was evaluated in vitro using MTT proliferative assay and seven of them exhibited potential anti-leukemic effect. The active lead compounds were further subjected to computational analyses utilizing the ChemGPS-NP tool. We established a database for the anti-leukemic relevant chemical space of triterpenoids isolated from these three medicinal mushrooms, which could be used as a reference database for further research on anti-leukemic triterpenoids. Our results indicated that the anti-leukemic effect of the active lead compounds was mediated not only through topoisomerases inhibition but also through inhibiting DNA polymerases.

The second and third sections focused on isolation of anti-leukemic sesterterpenoids from sponges. The investigation of Carteriospongia sp. led to the isolation of two new scalarane-type sesterterpenoids (III-1 and III-2) and one known tetraprenyltoluquinol-related metabolite (III-3). All isolates exhibit an apoptotic mechanism of action against Molt 4 cells, found to be mediated through the disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and inhibition of topoisomerase IIα expression. Detailed investigation of the apoptotic mechanism of action using molecular docking analysis revealed that compound III-1 might target Hsp90 protein. The apoptotic-inducing effect of III-3 was supported by in vivo experiment by suppressing the volume of xenograft tumor growth (47.58%) compared with the control.

In the final section of this thesis we studied manoalide and its derivatives, sesterterpenoids isolated from the sponge Luffariella sp.. Manoalide has been studied as a potential anti-inflammatory agent for the last thirty years with more than 200 publications and 40 patents. However, the configurations at positions 24 and 25 were never revealed. In the current study, ten manoalide-type sesterterpenoids (IV-1IV-10) were isolated from Luffariella sp. and their stereoisomers at positions 24 and 25 were identified and separated for the first time. The configuration at positions 24 and 25 showed to have a significant effect on the anti-leukemic activity of manoalide derivatives, with the 24R,25S-isomer exhibiting the most potent anti-leukemic activity. The apoptotic mechanism of action of compound IV-7 against Molt 4 cells was investigated, and the compound was found to trigger MMP disruption and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Compound IV-7 also inhibited activity against both human topoisomerases, I and II. The in vivo experiment further supported the anti-leukemic effect of IV-7 with a 66.11% tumor volume suppression compared to the control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. 59 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 230
Keyword
ChemGPS-NP analysis, antileukemic agents, lanostanoids, sesterterpenoids, manoalide
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology Medicinal Chemistry Pharmaceutical Sciences Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject
Pharmacognosy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317554 (URN)978-91-554-9876-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-05-20, BMC sal B22, Husargatan 4, Uppsala, 14:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-03-16 Last updated: 2017-05-05

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