Quantum Chemical Feasibility Study of Methylamines as Nitrogen Precursors in Chemical Vapor Deposition
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
The possibility of using methylamines instead of ammonia as a nitrogen precursor for the CVD of nitrides is studied using quantum chemical computations of reaction energies: reaction electronic energy (Δ𝑟𝐸𝑒𝑙𝑒𝑐) reaction enthalpy (Δ𝑟𝐻) and reaction free energy (Δ𝑟𝐺). The reaction energies were calculated for three types of reactions: Uni- and bimolecular decomposition to more reactive nitrogen species, adduct forming with trimethylgallium (TMG) and trimethylaluminum (TMA) followed by a release of methane or ethane and surface adsorption to gallium nitride for both the unreacted ammonia or methylamines or the decomposition products. The calculations for the reaction entropy and free energy were made at both STP and CVD conditions (300°C-1300°C and 50 mbar). The ab inito Gaussian 4 (G4) theory were used for the calculations of the decomposition and adduct reactions while the surface adsorptions were calculated using the Density Functional Theory method B3LYP. From the reactions energies it can be concluded that the decomposition was facilitated by the increasing number of methyl groups on the nitrogen. The adducts with mono- and dimethylamine were more favorable than ammonia and trimethylamine. 𝑁𝐻2 was found to be most readily to adsorb to 𝐺𝑎𝑁 while the undecomposed ammonia and methylamines was not willingly to adsorb.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 28 p.
Quantum Chemistry, Computational Chemistry, Density Functional Theory (DFT), B3LYP, Gaussian 4 (G4), Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), Gallium Nitride (GaN), Aluminum Nitride (AlN), Ammonia (NH3), Methylamine (NH2CH3), Dimethylamine (NH(CH3)2), Trimethylamine (NH(CH3)3), Trimethylaluminum (TMA), Trimethylgallium (TMG), Decomposition, Adsorption
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132812ISRN: LITH-IFM-G--EX--15/3046--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132812DiVA: diva2:1050500
Subject / course
Pedersen, Henrik, Dr.
Ojamäe, Lars, Prof.