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Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts
Norwegian Inst Nat Res NINA, FRAM High North Res Ctr Climate & Environm, POB 6606, N-9296 Tromso, Norway.;Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Dept Ecol Sci, De Boelelaan 1085, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands..
Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Arctic Res Ctr, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark..
NASA, GSFC, Cryospher Sci Lab, Code 615, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA.;Univ Space Res Assoc, Goddard Earth Sci Technol & Res Studies & Invest, Columbia, MD 21044 USA..
State Hydrol Inst Roshydromet, 23 Second Line VO, St Petersburg 199053, Russia.;North East Fed Univ, Int Ctr Sci & Educ Best, Yakutsk, Russia..
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2016 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, no 5, 516-537 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Snow is a critically important and rapidly changing feature of the Arctic. However, snow-cover and snowpack conditions change through time pose challenges for measuring and prediction of snow. Plausible scenarios of how Arctic snow cover will respond to changing Arctic climate are important for impact assessments and adaptation strategies. Although much progress has been made in understanding and predicting snow-cover changes and their multiple consequences, many uncertainties remain. In this paper, we review advances in snow monitoring and modelling, and the impact of snow changes on ecosystems and society in Arctic regions. Interdisciplinary activities are required to resolve the current limitations on measuring and modelling snow characteristics through the cold season and at different spatial scales to assure human well-being, economic stability, and improve the ability to predict manage and adapt to natural hazards in the Arctic region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 45, no 5, 516-537 p.
Keyword [en]
Climate change, Ecosystem services, Human health, Societal costs, Indigenous, Snow
National Category
Climate Research
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-308488DOI: 10.1007/s13280-016-0770-0ISI: 000381580800002PubMedID: 26984258OAI: diva2:1050123
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-28 Last updated: 2016-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Ehrich, DorotheeJohansson, CeciliaSchneebeli, MartinSokratov, Sergey A.
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