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Ideologija, politika, i ratno nasilje kao izvori prisilnih migracija: Ideology, politics and war violence as sources of forced migrations
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Lund University. (Kriminal- och socialvetenskapligt nätverk; Institutet för kunskaps- och metodutveckling inom ungdoms- och missbruksvård (IKM); Centrum för specialpedagogisk forskning (CSF))ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6151-0934
University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Hercegovina.
2016 (Bosnian)In: Migration of Population - The Phenomenon of Refugeeism. 23th International Scientific Symposium, Abstracts Booklet, Zagreb: Bosniak National Community for the City of Zagreb and Zagreb County , 2016, 19-20 p.Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [bs]

Simbolički poredak diskursa ideologije, omogućava postojanje i reprodukciju nasilja. Masovni zločini nad civilima, mogu postati normalizirani,  i široko prihvaćeni, tek  ukoliko počinitelji nasilja koji vrše nasilje,  i oni koji ga implicitno ili eksplicitno podržavaju, povjeruju da vršenje nasilja protiv drugih, opravdava vjera u neki simbolički poredak višeg reda. Mnoge aktualne primjere opravdavanja ratnog nasilja, kao i mnoge primjere višedecenijskog negiranja, poricanja, odbacivanja svake odgovornosti za počinjeni zločin genocida, možemo pronaći u političkoj i diskurzivnoj istrajnosti same narativne strukture koja omogućava reprodukciju velikosrpske ideologije. Ta ideologija se institucionalno i medijski, pod zaštitnim znakom neoliberalizma i etno-metematičke demokracije i daqlje nesmetano širi. Ta ideologija,  sa nesmanjenom žestinom aplicira se na „terenu“ - 20 godina nakon genocida u Srebrenici, genocida koji su, u zadnjoj dekadi 20. stoljeća, počinili srpska vojska i policija tokom rata protiv Republike Bosne i Hercegovini. U ovom radu polazimo od uvida da su potrebna holistička longitudinalna istraživanja globalnih i regionalnih uslova mogućnosti (ponovnog) izbijanja ratnog nasilja i genocida.  Opći fokus rada je na (1) mikrosociološkoj i simboličko-interakcionističkoj analizi značenja klanja ljudi;  (2) makrosociološkoj analizi strateškog značenja silovanja i protjerivanja civila, odraslih i djece (u cilju normaliziranja  prisilnih mogracija i uspostavljanja tzv. „čistih kultura“ i „etnički  čistih teritorija“), i (3) na potrebi refleksivnog razumijevanja detaljno obrazloženih diskurzivnih modela koji dovode,  ili mogu dovesti,  do produkcije i reprodukcije ratnog nasilja. Pouku našeg istraživanja - u okolnostima zabrinjavajuće eksplozije globalnih migracija – moguće je shvatiti ukoliko imamo u vidu  globalni, odnosno anticivilizacijski, značaj  ideološkog,  simboličkog i stvarnog nasilja  sadržanog u nedovoljno promišljenom projektu stvaranja „etnički čistih teritorija“, naročito u kontekstu razumijevanja širih posljedica prisilnog premještanja stanovništva (tzv. „humanog preseljavanja naroda“) a što čini sastavni, ekrazitni dio, velikosrpske ideologije. 

Abstract [en]

The symbolic order of discourse of ideology actually enables the existence and reproduction of violence. Mass crimes on civilians may become normalized and widely accepted if perpetrators of violence who exert violence and those who implicitly and explicitly support it believe that exertion of violence on others is justified by belief in some symbolic higher order. Many current examples of justification of war violence, as well as many examples of decades of denying accountability for committed genocide crimes, may be found in political and discursive perseverance of Greater Serbian ideology. This ideology is expanding through institutions and media, under the trademark of neoliberalism and ethnomathematic democracy – and with undiminished severity applies in the field – 20 years after the genocide in Srebrenica which was committed in the last decade of the 20th century by Serbian army and police during the war against the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In this paper, we start from the insight that we need holistic longitudinal researches of global and regional conditions of possibility for war violence and genocide to occur (again). The general focus of the paper is on (1) microsociological and symbolic-interactional analysis of the meaning of slaughtering people; (2) macrosociological analysis of strategic meaning of rape and persecution of civilians, adults and children (with an aim to normalize forced migrations and creation of so-called “pure cultures” and “ethnically pure territories”), and (3) on need of reflective understanding of thoroughly reasoned discursive models that lead, or may lead, to production and reproduction of war violence. The moral of our research – in the circumstances of troubling explosion of global migrations – is possible to understand if we take into account the global, that is anti-civilization, meaning of ideological, symbolic and actual violence contained in inadequately thought project of creation of “ethnically pure territories”, especially in the context of understanding broader consequences of forced migrations of population (so-called “humane migrations of people”), and the one which makes up the integral part of the Greater Serbian ideology. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zagreb: Bosniak National Community for the City of Zagreb and Zagreb County , 2016. 19-20 p.
Keyword [en]
ideological dimension of the war, symbolic dimension of the war, institutional analysis, critical analysis of discourse, phenomenology
Keyword [bs]
ideološka dimenzija rata, simbolička dimenzija rata, institucionalna analiza, kritička analiza diskursa, fenomenologija
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Social Sciences, Political Science; Social Sciences, Sociology; Social Sciences, Social Psychology; Social Sciences, Criminology; Social Sciences, Peace and Development Studies; Social Sciences, Practical Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-58267OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-58267DiVA: diva2:1049096
Conference
Migration of Population - The Phenomenon of Refugeeism. 23th International Scientific Symposium, Bosniak National Community for the City of Zagreb and Zagreb County, Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies, Zagreb and Mulla Sadra Foundation, Sarajevo. Zagreb, Croatia (20161118-20161119).
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-23 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Basic, Goran
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