Francisella tularensis IglG Belongs to a Novel Family of PAAR-Like T6SS Proteins and Harbors a Unique N-terminal Extension Required for Virulence
2016 (English)In: PLoS Pathogens, ISSN 1553-7366, E-ISSN 1553-7374, Vol. 12, no 9, e1005821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The virulence of Francisella tularensis, the etiological agent of tularemia, relies on an atypical type VI secretion system ( T6SS) encoded by a genomic island termed the Francisella Pathogenicity Island ( FPI). While the importance of the FPI in F. tularensis virulence is clearly established, the precise role of most of the FPI-encoded proteins remains to be deciphered. In this study, using highly virulent F. tularensis strains and the closely related species F. novicida, IglG was characterized as a protein featuring a unique alpha-helical N-terminal extension and a domain of unknown function ( DUF4280), present in more than 250 bacterial species. Three dimensional modeling of IglG and of the DUF4280 consensus protein sequence indicates that these proteins adopt a PAAR-like fold, suggesting they could cap the T6SS in a similar way as the recently described PAAR proteins. The newly identified PAAR-like motif is characterized by four conserved cysteine residues, also present in IglG, which may bind a metal atom. We demonstrate that IglG binds metal ions and that each individual cysteine is required for T6SS-dependent secretion of IglG and of the Hcp homologue, IglC and for the F. novicida intracellular life cycle. In contrast, the Francisella-specific N-terminal alpha-helical extension is not required for IglG secretion, but is critical for F. novicida virulence and for the interaction of IglG with another FPI-encoded protein, IglF. Altogether, our data suggest that IglG is a PAAR-like protein acting as a bi-modal protein that may connect the tip of the Francisella T6SS with a putative T6SS effector, IglF.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 12, no 9, e1005821
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127634DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005821ISI: 000385621900013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127634DiVA: diva2:1049031