Neoproterozoic crustal growth at the margin of the East Gondwana continent - age and isotopic constraints from the easternmost inliers of Oman
2016 (English)In: International Geology Review, ISSN 0020-6814, E-ISSN 1938-2839, Vol. 58, no 16, 2046-2064 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Jebel Ja’alan and Qalhat inliers of Oman represent the easternmost exposures in theArabian peninsula of Neoproterozoic basement associated with the East African orogen and the assembly of East and West Gondwana. These inliers expose tonalitic gneisses and metasediments intruded by granodiorites and granites of the Ja’alan batholith. Zircon from the gneisses yield U-Pb SIMS ages of ca. 900-880 Ma, which are interpreted as crystallisation ages. These represent the oldest magmatic events associated with the closure of theMozambique Ocean reported to date. Zircon of this age is also the dominant component in the metasediments. The Ja’alan batholith yields ages of ca. 840-825 Ma. Nd isotopes indicate that both the gneisses and the batholith range from juvenile to slightly more evolved, with εNd(t) of +6 to +1.5 interpreted to reflect variable contamination by older, evolved continental material;this is also indicated by >900 Ma detrital zircon from the metasediments. The Nd data also contrast with the uniformly juvenile signature of younger, ca. 840 Ma, rocks of the Marbat region of southern Oman that lie structurally to the west. The Ja’alan and Qalhat inliers thus document eastward increasing age and continental influence, consistent with progressive development of arc rocks onto the western margin of East Gondwana, although the location and nature of the eastern continental block remains elusive.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 58, no 16, 2046-2064 p.
Research subject The changing Earth
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1915DOI: 10.1080/00206814.2016.1207207OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1915DiVA: diva2:1048977
FunderSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, 2002-6967Swedish Research Council, 2009-4499