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Grammatical gender in Hindukush languages: An areal-typological study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Grammatiskt genus i Hindukush-språk : En areal-typologisk studie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In the mountainous area of the Greater Hindukush in northern Pakistan, north-western Afghanistan and Kashmir, some fifty languages from six different genera are spoken. The languages are at the same time innovative and archaic, and are of great interest for areal-typological research. This study investigates grammatical gender in a 12-language sample in the area from an areal-typological perspective. The results show some intriguing features, including unexpected loss of gender, languages that have developed a gender system based on the semantic category of animacy, and languages where this animacy distinction is present parallel to the inherited gender system based on a masculine/feminine distinction found in many Indo-Aryan languages. 

Abstract [sv]

I den här studien undersöks grammatiskt genus i ett antal språk som talas i ett bergsområde beläget i norra Pakistan, nordvästra Afghanistan och Kashmir. I området, här kallat Greater Hindukush, talas omkring 50 olika språk från sex olika språkfamiljer. Det stora antalet språk tillsammans med den otillgängliga terrängen har gjort att språken är arkaiska i vissa hänseenden och innovativa i andra, vilket gör det till ett intressant område för arealtypologisk forskning. Resultaten av den här undersökningen visar att en del språk i urvalet helt har tappat sitt grammatiska genus trots att det anses vara ett relativt stabilt språkdrag. Några språk har utvecklat ett nytt grammatiskt genus baserat på en animacitetsdistinktion, antingen som det enda kvarvarande systemet, eller parallellt med ett nedärvt indoariskt genussystem baserat på biologiskt kön.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Grammatical gender, areal-typology, Hindukush, animacy, nominal categories
Keyword [sv]
Grammatiskt genus, arealtypologi, Hindukush, animacitet, nominala kategorier
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-135775DiVA: diva2:1048952
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Language contact and relatedness in the Hindukush region (421-2014-631)
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-22 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved

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Lautin, Julia
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