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Hur vuxna personer med ADHD hanterar och upplever sitt dagliga liv med fokus på familje- och arbetsliv: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) definieras som en neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning vilket innebär betydande svårigheter med att få en fungerande vardag. Huvudsymtomen yttrar sig ofta som uppmärksamhetsproblem, bristande impulskontroll samt hyperaktivitet. De flesta blir diagnostiserade i tidiga barnaår, problemen är ofta kvarstående i vuxen ålder och forskning tyder på viss ärftlighet.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur vuxna personer med diagnosen ADHD hanterar och upplever sitt dagliga liv med fokus på familje- och arbetsliv samt att redogöra för vilken datainsamlingsmetod som använts i valda artiklar.

Metod: Litteraturstudien genomfördes med deskriptiv design, bestående av elva vetenskapliga artiklar. Artiklarna är hämtade från Högskolan i Gävle biblioteks databaser: Scopus, PsycINFO, Cinahl samt PubMed. Fem centrala kategorier hittades när de inkluderade artiklarna granskades och sammanställdes i litteraturstudiens resultat.

Resultat: Det framkom att individer med ADHD upplever att symtomen försvårar familje- och arbetssituationen, men kan bidra till en ökad kreativitet. För att hantera symtomen byter individerna arbeten och/eller partners ofta. Föreskrivna läkemedel uppges bidra till ökad fokusering. Självmedicinering med illegala droger är vanligt för att dämpa symtomen. Datainsamlingsmetoderna i de inkluderade artiklarna bestod i majoritet av semistrukturerade intervjuer.

Slutsats: Resultatet påvisade att individer med ADHD genomgående upplevde liknande symtom, dessa upplevdes som negativa då de påverkade det dagliga livet med svårigheter att få fungerande relationer i arbets- och familjelivet. Ökad kunskap inom området är av stor betydelse då sjuksköterskan kan bidra till att patienten kan hitta en jämnvikt i sin livssituation. Kunskapsluckan inom området är stort och behovet av fortsatt forskning är betydande.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined as a neuropsychiatric disability which means significant difficulty in getting a functional day. The main symptoms often manifest themselves as attention problems, poor impulse control and hyperactivity. Most will be diagnosed in early childhood, the problems are often persisting into adulthood and research suggests certain heredity.

Aim: To describe how adults with ADHD manage and experience their daily life with a focus on family and work and to report on the data collection method used in the selected articles.

Method: Literature study was conducted with descriptive design, consisting of eleven scientific articles. The articles are from the University of Gävle library databases: Scopus, PsycINFO, CINAHL and PubMed. Five central categories were found when the included articles were reviewed and collected literature results of the study.

Results: It was found that individuals with ADHD experience the symptoms complicate family and work situations, but can contribute to increased creativity. To manage the symptoms, the individuals switched work and/or partners often. Prescribed drugs reported to contribute to increased focus. Self-medication with illegal drugs are common to suppress the symptoms. Data collection methods included in the articles comprised in the majority of semi-structured interviews.

Conclusion: The results showed that individuals with ADHD consistently experienced similar symptoms, those perceived as negative as they affected the everyday life with difficulty in functioning relationships in family and working life. Increased knowledge in this area is of great importance when the nurse can help the patient to find an equilibrium in their lives. The knowledge gap in the field is great and the need for further research are significant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, Adult, Coping, Experience
Keyword [sv]
ADHD Hantering Upplevelse Vuxna
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22807OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22807DiVA: diva2:1048781
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-22 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved

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