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PILCs for trapping phosphorus in a heavy duty engine exhaust system: An experimental evaluation of the phosphorus sorption capability of different clay materials
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In order to fulfil the requirements in the EURO VI standard, regulating emissions from heavy duty vehicles, the exhaust aftertreatment system needs to maintain its efficiency for at least seven years or 700 000 km. In diesel applications the diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) is located closest to the engine and is thus the most vulnerable to poisoning contaminants, such as phosphorus originating from fuel and oil additives, which deactivates the catalyst.

An idea to reduce the impact from phosphorus impurities (recently patented by Scania CV) is to place a low-cost sacrificial substrate, consisting of one or more pillared clay mineral (PILC) with high affinity for phosphorus, upstream the aftertreatment system in order to protect and thus increase the lifetime of the catalytic components which contain platinum group metals.

In this work one commercially available and four custom made PILCs, comprising of two conventional type PILCs and two of the type porous clay heterostructures (PCH), were evaluated. The PILCs were exposed to a phosphorus-containing gaseous mixture using a lab-scale experimental setup in order to determine their phosphorus sorption potential.

The PILC materials exhibit potential to function as sacrificial substrates for phosphorus in the intended application. It was indicated to be a correlation between increasing iron content (wt%) and increasing phosphorus sorption capability. The most promising material was the custom made Al,Fe-pillared saponite, which was up to twice as effective in trapping phosphorus as the DOC. The commercial sample, the Al-pillared montmorillonite, was only about as efficient as the DOC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 55 p.
Series
UPTEC K, ISSN 1650-8297 ; 16022
Keyword [en]
PILC, PCH, phosphorus sorption, exhaust treatment, catalyst poisoning
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-307356DiVA: diva2:1048676
External cooperation
Scania CV AB
Educational program
Master Programme in Chemical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-22 Created: 2016-11-13 Last updated: 2016-11-22Bibliographically approved

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