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Upplevelser av att leva med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom (IBD): En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom (IBD) innefattar sjukdomarna Ulcerös kolit och Morbus Crohn. Miljöfaktorer och förändrade kostvanor tros vara anledningar till att IBD-fallen ökat i USA och västra Europa på kort tid. I Sverige drabbas cirka 500 personer av Morbus Crohn varje år och Ulcerös kolit drabbar ca 900 personer per år. Sjukdomen yttrar sig i fysiska symtom som diarré, smärta och viktnedgång men påverkar även individen psykosocialt. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva människors upplevelser av att leva med inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom samt att presentera vilken undersökningsgrupp som beskrivits i de inkluderade vetenskapliga artiklarna. Metod: Studien är en beskrivande litteraturstudie där 11 kvalitativa artiklar användes. Databaserna PubMed och Cinahl användes för att söka artiklar. Sökorden som användes var: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Qualitative, Everyday life och Lived experiences. Huvudresultat: IBD är en kronisk sjukdom. Fysiska symtom som illamående, viktnedgång, smärta och trötthet vilket även ses som ett psykiskt symtom. Oro, depression och dålig självkänsla upplevdes också. Sjukdomen visade sig påverka individens vardagsliv, kostvanor, familjeliv, och sociala relationer. Alla inkluderade artiklar presenterade undersökningsgruppen. Slutsats: IBD blir allt vanligare i världen. Symtomen är både fysiska och psykosociala och påverkar den drabbades vardagsliv, sociala liv och kosthållning. Sjuksköterskan möter en stor utmaning i att kunna bemöta och vårda dessa patienter då varje enskild individ har olika upplevelser av samma diagnos.

Abstract [en]

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes the diseases Ulcerative Colitis and Morbus Crohn. Environmental factors and changing diets are thought to be reasons for IBD cases has increased in the US and Western Europe in a short time. It is in Sweden about 500 people affected of Morbus Crohn every year and Ulcerative colitis affects about 900 people per year. The disease has physical symptoms such as diarrhea, pain and weight loss, but also affects an individual psychosocial. Aim: The aim was to describe people's experiences of living with inflammatory bowel disease, and to present the study group as described in the included articles. Methods: This study is a descriptive literature study and 11 qualitative articles were used. PubMed and Cinahl were used to search for articles. Keywords used were: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Qualitative, Everyday Life and Lived Experiences. Main results: IBD is a chronic disease. Physical symptoms such as nausea, pain and fatigue which is also seen as a mental symptoms. The disease was found to influence the individual's daily life, eating habits, family life, and social relationships. All included articles presented the study group. Conclusion: IBD are becoming more common in the world. The symptoms are both physical and psychosocial and affects the afflicted person everyday life, social life and diet. Nurses face a big challenge in being able to confronting and care for these patients, since each individual has different perceptions of the same diagnosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Inflammatory bowel diseases, qualitative, everyday life, lived experiences
Keyword [sv]
Inflammatoriska tarmsjukdomar, kvalitativ, vardagsliv, upplevda erfarenheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22795DiVA: diva2:1048137
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-11-20 Last updated: 2016-12-01Bibliographically approved

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