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Kvinnors livskvalitet vid endometrios: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Endometrios är en gynekologisk sjukdom som drabbar ett stort antal kvinnori hela världen. Ofta bemöts dessa kvinnor av kunskapsbrist, misstro och normaliserande attityder som förorsakar försening av diagnos, vård och behandling som skapar onödigt lidande för dessa kvinnor. Sjuksköterskor har en viktig funktion i bemötandet av dessa kvinnor genom att stödja kvinnan, skapa en god allians och ge relevant information.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av livskvalitet vid endometrios samt att granska och beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetoder.

Metod: Litteraturstudien har en deskriptiv design. Data insamlades via databaserna Medline/PubMed samt Cinahl och tolv artiklar återfanns, samtliga med kvalitativ ansats och ligger till grund för resultatet i studien.

Resultat: Endometrios medför en kraftigt nedsatt livskvalitet som inverkar på deras parrelation samt sociala liv såsom arbete, skola och fritidsintressen. Kunskapsbrist inom vården leder till normalisering och fördröjd diagnos som skapar onödigt lidande för dessa kvinnor. Många av kvinnorna skapade egna strategier för att hantera sina symtom i  vardagen. Samtliga tolv artiklar med deskriptiv design, har samlat in data genom att intervjua kvinnorna om deras erfarenheter av att leva med endometrios.

Slutsats: Endometrios påverkar markant kvinnornas vardag och samtliga relationer på ett negativt sätt. De påverkas både fysiskt, psykiskt och socialt vilket leder till att de får sin livskvalitet kraftigt sänkt. Med ökade kunskaper inom området kan stora ekonomiska besparingar göras om diagnos ställs i ett tidigare skede. Kvinnornas lidande skulle minska och deras livskvalitet öka avsevärt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disease that affects a large number of women throughout the world. These women are often treated by the lack of knowledge, distrust and normalizing attitudes. That causes delay in diagnosis care and treatment, which creates unnecessary suffering. Nurses have an important function in the treatment of these women by supporting the woman, create a good alliance and provide relevant information.

Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of quality of life in endometriosis and to examine and describe the articles included data collection methods.

Method: Literature study has a descriptive design. Data were collected through Medline / PubMed and CINAHL and twelve articles were found, all with qualitative approach. These articles were the basis for this study.

Results: Endometriosis results in a greatly reduced quality of life that affects their partner, relationship and social life, such as work, school and hobbies. A lack of knowledge in health-care leads to normalization and delayed diagnosis that creates unnecessary suffering for these women. Many of the women created their own strategies to deal with their symptoms in daily life. All twelve articles with descriptive design have collected data by interviewing women about their experiences of living with endometriosis.

Conclusion: Endometriosis affects significantly the women's daily lives, and all the relationships, in a negative way. Their health is affected physically, psychologically and socially with the result that they get their quality of life greatly reduced. Significant financial savings can be made by increased knowledge in the field and diagnosis at an earlier stage. Suffering from Endometriosis would be reduced, and the quality of life for those women’s will significantly increase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Endometriosis, experience, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Endometrios, erfarenhet, livskvalité
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22793DiVA: diva2:1048063
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-20 Last updated: 2016-11-30Bibliographically approved

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