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PISA i skolan: hur lärare, rektorer och skolchefer förhåller sig till internationella kunskapsmätningar
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science. Forskarskolan i Pedagogiskt arbete.
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
PISA in Schools : how teachers, head teachers and municipal school directors relate to international assessments (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses the local reception and use in Sweden of the major international large scale assessments (ILSAs) of student performance: Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS). The aim is to describe and analyze how Swedish teachers, principals and school directors interpret and possibly use ILSAs in their professional practice. ILSA is treated here as a new idea or a new social technology defining what constitutes good (or bad) education. The theoretical framework combines a top-down perspective provided by Rogers’ (2003) Diffusion of Innovation theory, and a complementary, more critical Policy Enactment approach (Ball et al. 2012), stressing the import-ance of context and local actors’ perspectives. Empirically, the thesis is based on 40 semi-structured interviews carried out in the 2011-2012 school year with teachers, principals and municipal school directors in five municipalities and 12 compulsory schools, selected to cover diverse municipalities, schools, and respondents.

The respondents perceive ILSAs as valid evaluations of the Swedish school system. Most think it is important to compare results of different nations, although ILSA is not expected to cover the whole curriculum. Most interviewees are aware that Swedish ILSA results have been declining for years and perceive an urgent need to reverse this trend. However, few of the directors, principals or teachers believe that Swedish schools are in a deep crisis, as described in Swedish media. The participants frequently regard schools as primary determinants of ILSA results, and few blame family, socio-economic, cultural and contextual factors for the Swedish decline in ILSA rankings. There are significant differences between the three occupational groups in their reception and use of ILSA. Municipal school directors who are very well-informed emphasize the influence of ILSA on their local development efforts. Principals and teachers say that ILSAs have had modest direct effects on their work, but they argue that poor Swedish results in international assessments have had indirect effects, for instance by prompting the introduction of a new national curriculum.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2016. , 225 p.
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar i pedagogiskt arbete, ISSN 1650-8858 ; 71
Series
, Umeå Studies in the Educational Sciences, 15
Keyword [en]
compulsory education, international large scale assessments (ILSA), PISA, TIMSS, PIRLS, ICCS, OECD, IEA, municipal school directors, principals, teachers, local reception, diffusion of innovations, policy enactment
Keyword [sv]
grundskola, internationella kunskapsmätningar (IK), PISA, TIMSS, PIRLS, ICCS, OECD, IEA, kommunala skolchefer, rektorer, lärare, lokalt mottagande, Rogers diffusionsteori, policy enactment
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Research subject
educational work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127757ISBN: 978-91-7601-581-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127757DiVA: diva2:1047763
Public defence
2016-12-12, N 320, Naturvetarhuset, Johan Bures väg 16, Umeå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Contains an English summary.

Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-18 Last updated: 2016-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Arnesson, Daniel
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