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Erfarenheter av stigmatisering i hälso- och sjukvården bland personer som drabbats av HIV.: -en litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Titel: Erfarenheter av stigmatisering i hälso- och sjukvården bland personer som drabbats av HIV - En litteraturstudie. Bakgrund: HIV (Humant Immunbrist Virus) har länge varit förknippat med stigmatisering eftersom okunskap och osäkerhet fortfarande förekommer beträffande smittvägar och smittbarhet.                                                                                                           Syfte: Syftet med studien var att belysa erfarenheter av stigmatisering i hälso- och sjukvården bland personer som drabbats av HIV. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes med tio stycken kvalitativa artiklar från åtta olika länder. Artiklarna granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes.                                                                                                               Resultat: I resultatet presenteras två kategorier och fem underkategorier. Kategorierna är: Att bli bemött med bristande vård handlingar och upplevelser av integritetskränkning. Underkategorierna är: Överdrivna säkerhetsåtgärder, ignorant bemötande, bristande sekretess, kränkande kroppsspråk och kränkande verbal kommunikation. Konklusion: Bristande kunskap om HIV kan internationellt ses som en bidragande faktor till att patienter än idag upplever varierande stigmatiserade bemötande från vårdpersonal. För att motverka stigmatiseringen krävs forskning som kan generera kunskap om hur vårdpersonal kan ge ett bättre bemötande och att denna kunskap sprids till vårdpersonal. Nyckelord: HIV, stigmatisering, patientupplevelse, diskriminering.

Abstract [en]

Title: Experiences of stigma in health care among people affected by HIV- A literature review Background: HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) has been associated with stigmatization for a long time because of ignorance and uncertainty still exists regarding the transmission routes and infectivity. Aim: The aim for the study was to highlight experiences of stigma in health care among people affected by HIV. Method: A literature study was conducted with ten qualitative articles from eight different countries. The articles were examined, analyzed and compiled. Results: The result generated two categories and five subcategories. The categories are: To be treated with a lack of care actions and experiences of integrity violation. The sub-categories are: excessive security measures, ignorant attitudes, lack of secrecy, offensive body language and abusive verbal communication.                                                                   Conclusion: Lack of knowledge about HIV can be seen internationally seen as a contributing factor to the patients still experiencing varying stigmatized treatment by health professionals. To counteract the stigma requires research that can generate knowledge on how health professionals can provide better treatment and that this information is disseminated to the medical staff. Keywords: HIV, stigmatization, patient-experience, discrimination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV, stigmatization, patient-experience, discrimination
Keyword [sv]
HIV, stigmatisering, patientupplevelse, diskriminering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127665DiVA: diva2:1047187
Educational program
Nursing Programme; Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-24 Created: 2016-11-16 Last updated: 2016-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Ödling, EvelinaEngström, Lovisa
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