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En studie om brottsoffers och f.d. kriminellas identitetsskapande med fokus på sociala band
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I denna uppsats unders undersöks de sociala bandens betydelse för självkänslan och identiteten hos fem f.d. brottslingar och fem brottsoffer som har intervjuats.. Jag ville ta reda på hur deras självförtroende och relationer har påverkats av att de är brottsoffer respektive f.d. kriminella. Det jag kom fram till var att deras relationer till sina familjer har stärkts efter att misshandeln mot respektive brottsoffer skett samt efter att de f.d. kriminella slutat med missbruk och kriminalitet. De f.d. brottslingarna har genom organisationen KRIS fått nya sociala band som har stärkt deras självkänsla. När det gäller brottsoffrena så har självförtroendet stärkts genom de relationer som utmärks av nära sociala band som var etablerade innan brottet, mendans i relation till främlingar så har självförtroendet sjunkit. Detta har i sin tur lett till hur informanterna ser på sig själva; f.d. kriminella har hittat en social identitet som de kan relatera till och är nöjda med, medan brottsoffrena påstår att deras identitet inte har förändrats men erkänner att de blivit mer tillbakadragna efter att blivit utsatta för brott.

Abstract [en]

In this essay the importance of social bonds when it comes to self-esteem and identity for five ex-offenders and five victims of crime has been examined. Further I wanted to understand how their self-esteem and relations have been affected by being a victim and ex-offender. The results showed that the bond to their families had been strengthened after each assault (victims of crime) or becoming sober and ending career as a criminal (ex-offenders). Exoffenders have, through the organization KRIS, received new friendships that have led to a strengthened self-esteem in each one of them. When it comes to the crime victims; selfesteem in relation to their strong social bonds has been lifted, whilst in relation to strangers it has decreased. This in turn has led to how they view themselves; ex-offenders have found a social identity that they can relate to and are pleased to have, whilst victims of crime do not feel as if their identity has changed but do admit to being more reserved than before the assault.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Social identity, self-esteem, social bonds, victims of crime, ex-criminals
Keyword [sv]
Social identitet, självkänsla, sociala band, brottsoffer, f.d. kriminella
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-32424DiVA: diva2:1046969
Subject / course
Social Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-16 Last updated: 2016-11-17Bibliographically approved

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