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Performance Comparison of Cassandra in LXC and Bare metal: Container Virtualization case study
Blekinge Institute of Technology, Faculty of Computing, Department of Communication Systems.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Big data is a developing term that describes any large amount of structured and unstructured

data that has the potential to be mined for information. To store this type of large amounts of

data, cloud storage systems are necessary. These cloud storage systems are developed such

that they are capable of keeping the data accessible and available to the users over a network.

To store big data new platforms are required. Some of the popular big data platforms are

Mongo, Cassandra and Hadoop. In this thesis we used Cassandra database system because it

is a distributed database and also open source. Cassandra’s architecture is master less ring

design that is easy to setup and easy to maintain. Apache Cassandra is a highly scalable

distributed database designed to handle big data management with linear scalable and seamless

multiple data center deployment. It is a NoSQL database system which allow schema free

tables so that a data item could have a variable set of columns unlike in relational databases.

Cassandra provides with high scalability with no single point of failure.

For the past few years’ container based virtualization has been evolving rapidly. Container

based virtualization such as LXC have been focused here. Linux Containers (LXC) is an

operating system level virtualization method for running multiple isolated Linux systems on a

single control host. It does not resemble a virtual machine, but provides a virtual environment

that has its own CPU, memory, network, etc. space and the resource control mechanism. In

this thesis work performance of Apache Cassandra database has been analyzed between bare

metal and Linux Containers(LXC).

A three node Cassandra cluster has been created on both bare metal and Linux container.

Assuming one node as seed and Cassandra stress utility tool has been used to test the load of

Cassandra cluster. The performance of Cassandra cluster database has been evaluated in bare

metal and Linux Container which is the goal of this thesis work.

Linux containers (LXC) are deployed in all the servers. A three node Cassandra database

cluster has been created in these servers and also in Linux Container(LXC). Port forwarding

is the technique used here for making communication between Cassandra in LXC which is the

goal of this thesis work. The performance metrics which determine the performance of

Cassandra cluster database are selected according to it. The network configuration parameters

are changed according to the behavior of Cassandra. By doing changes in these parameters

Cassandra starts running according to the required configuration, after this Cassandra cluster

performance will be analyzed. This is done with different write, read and mixed load

operations and compared with Cassandra cluster performance on bare metal.

The results of the thesis show an analysis of measurements of performance metrics like CPU

utilization, Disk throughput and latency while running on Cassandra cluster in both bare metal

and Linux Containers. A quantitative and statistical analysis of performance of Cassandra

cluster is compared.

The physical resources utilized by the Cassandra database on native bare metal and Linux

Containers (LXC) is similar. According to the results, CPU utilization is more for Cassandra

database in Linux Containers. Disk throughput is also more in Linux Containers except in the

case of 66% load write operation. Bare metal has less latency compared to Linux Containers

in all the scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Cassandra, Container Virtualization, Linux Containers
National Category
Telecommunications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:bth-13451OAI: oai:DiVA.org:bth-13451DiVA: diva2:1046825
Subject / course
ET2580 Master's Thesis (120 credits) in Electrical Engineering with emphasis on Telecommunication Systems
Educational program
ETATX Master of Science Programme in Electrical Engineering with emphasis on Telecommunication Systems
Presentation
2016-09-27, J3208 Claude Shannon, Blekinge Institute Of Technology, Karlskrona, 11:45 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-15 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved

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