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A novel anomaly detection algorithm for sensor data under uncertainty.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. (Mobile and Pervasive Computing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3090-7645
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. (Mobile and Pervasive Computing)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0244-3561
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications, ISSN 1432-7643, E-ISSN 1433-7479Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

It is an era of Internet of Things, where various types of sensors, especially wireless, are widely used to collect huge amount of data to feed various systems such as surveillance, environmental monitoring, and disaster management. In these systems, wireless sensors are deployed to make decisions or to predict an event in a real-time basis. However, the accuracy of such decisions or predictions depends upon the reliability of the sensor data. Unfortunately, erroneous data are received from the sensors. Consequently, it hampers the appropriate operations of the mentioned systems, especially in making decisions and prediction. Therefore, the detection of anomaly that exists with the sensor data drew significant attention and hence, it needs to be filtered before feeding a system to increase its reliability in making decisions or prediction. There exists various sensor anomaly detection algorithms, but few of them are able to address the uncertain phenomenon, associated with the sensor data. If these uncertain phenomena cannot be addressed by the algorithms, the filtered data into the system will not be able to increase the reliability of the decision-making process. These uncertainties may be due to the incompleteness, ignorance, vagueness, imprecision and ambiguity. Therefore, in this paper we propose a new belief-rule-based association rule (BRBAR) with the ability to handle the various types of uncertainties as mentioned.The reliability of this novel algorithm has been compared with other existing anomaly detection algorithms such as Gaussian, binary association rule and fuzzy association rule by using sensor data from various domains such as rainfall, temperature and cancer cell data. Receiver operating characteristic curves are used for comparing the performance of our proposed BRBAR with the aforementioned algorithms. The comparisons demonstrate that BRBAR is more accurate and reliable in detecting anomalies from sensor data under uncertainty. Hence, the use of such algorithm to feed the decision-making systems could be beneficial. Therefore, we have used this algorithm to feed appropriate sensor data to our recently developed belief-rule-based expert system to predict flooding in an area. Consequently, the reliability and the accuracy of the flood prediction system increase significantly. Such novel algorithm (BRBAR) can be used in other areas of applications. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Internet of Things; Wireless sensor networks; Anomaly detection; Flood prediction; Belief-rule-based expert systems
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Mobile and Pervasive Computing
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60360DOI: 10.1007/s00500-016-2425-2ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84994464199OAI: diva2:1046172
A belief-rule-based DSS to assess flood risks by using wireless sensor networks
Swedish Research Council, 2014-4251
Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-12 Last updated: 2016-12-02

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