Continuous Wood Surface Densification: Chemical Treatments to Reduce the Set-Recovery
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: BIOCOMP 2016: The 13th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium - Bio-based composites for a sustainable future, Concepción: University of Concepción , 2016, 66-77 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
The hardness of the outer surface of solid wood can be improved by densification, and this opens up new fields of application for low-density species. So far, surface densification is carried out in time- and energy-consuming batch processes, and this means that potential advantages over more expensive hardwood species or non- renewable materials are lost. One of the crucial problems in all densification processes is to reduce the moisture-induced set-recovery of the densified wood cells. In a previous study, a new high-speed continuous surface densification process was introduced, where the surface of solid Scots pine boards could be densified at speeds of up to 80 m/min by a roller pressing technique. The aim of the present study was to integrate the roller pressing technique with different pre- and post-treatment methods to reduce the set- recovery. An aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide was used as a pre-treatment agent to activate the wood surface prior to densification, and a methacrylate ester monomer solution was used as an impregnation agent, both before and after densification. After densification and impregnation, the methacrylate monomers are polymerized by curing in an oven at 100°C in order to stabilize the compressed wood cells. The results show that the different treatments had no significant effect on the set-recovery, probably due to insufficient penetration into the wood material. Future work will focus on improving the treatment process and integrating all process steps into a fully continuous and automatic process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Concepción: University of Concepción , 2016. 66-77 p.
compression, sodium hydroxide, methacrylate, impregnation, roller pressing
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject Wood Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60281DiVA: diva2:1045754
13th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium, Concepción, Chile, 13-15 November 2016