Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Technology Transfer within Related Offset Business: From an Aircraft Production Perspective
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aircraft industry is viewed as a prestigious industry by many countries. Emerging economies regard the establishment of aircraft production capabilities as contributing to their competitiveness and technological development. Therefore, in the defence aircraft industry, politics play a key role in competitiveness. Governments can strategically trade market access for technological development, often in the form of offset business. “Offset” is defined as an agreement in which a large system is bought and the seller assumes obligations that both benefit the buying nation and have long-term effects on the development of the buyer’s national industry. When the offset obligations are directly connected to the product or system sold, they are called “related offsets”. The realization of an offset agreement is in most cases including some form of technology transfer. Technology transfer is the transfer of technology from a sending company, to a receiving company, where it is implemented and adapted to use.

The empirical data presented in this thesis were gathered through six in-depth studies performed at the unit for aircraft production at the Swedish company Saab. The findings from the studies are presented in six appended papers. The objective of this thesis is to extend the current understanding of technology transfer realization connected to related offsets within the defence aircraft industry. The research objective is fulfilled through the addressing of two research questions. The first research question aims to identify factors that can have a major effect on technology transfer realization in the research context. As an answer to the first research question. Following factors were identified: Capability gaps, Knowledge transfer, The purpose of related offset business, Seller’s fulfilment of offset obligations before contract termination, Related offset business include hierarchical levels, Related offset work package identification to meet the buyer’s request, and Assessment of the receiver in two steps, and finally Cultural and communication challenges.

These factors set the basis for research question two. The second research question addresses how to manage future related offset technology transfer realization connected to aircraft production. As an answer to the second research question, a structured related offset process and facilitation tools for managing capability gaps between the sending and the receiving company was presented. The purpose of the suggested structure is to maintain the link between the negotiated related offset agreements and the employees, working to achieve the agreement within the realization of the technology transfer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. , 116 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1785
Keyword [en]
Related offset, technology transfer, capability growth, capability gap, knowledge transfer, production transfer, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132405DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-132405ISBN: 9789176856956 (Print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132405DiVA: diva2:1045338
Public defence
2016-11-11, C3, C-huset, Campus Valla, Linköing, 11:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-11-09 Created: 2016-11-09 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production
2011 (English)In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), 2011, IEEE , 2011, 835-841 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The research within this paper identifies three main categories of cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production. The first category is organizational structure, hierarchy and delegation of responsibility the second category is consensus behavior and avoidance of conflicts and the third category is individual motivation factors. Furthermore, the paper discusses the need for specific types of cross-cultural training that can be one solution for reducing the problems and difficulties that cultural challenges may induce. The case study indicates that it is important for Aeronautics, a Swedish enterprise, to apply organized cross-cultural training in combination with technical training. To secure the presence of cross-cultural training, suitable types of cultural training could be included in the working process/routine for how to conduct a production transfer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2011
Keyword
aircraft production, cross-cultural communication, cross-cultural training, cultural challenges, offset, outsourcing, transfer
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89309 (URN)10.1109/CSCWD.2011.5960215 (DOI)978-1-4577-0386-7 (ISBN)
Conference
15th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD 2011), 8-9 June 2011, Lausanne, Switzerland
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-25 Last updated: 2016-11-09
2. Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes
2013 (English)In: Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies / [ed] Daniel J. Svyantek and Kevin Mahoney, Information Age Publishing, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This volume of the Research in Organizational Sciences is entitled "Received Wisdom, Kernels of Truth, and Boundary Conditions in Organizational Studies". Received wisdom is knowledge imparted to people by others and is based on authority and tenacity as sources of human knowledge. Authority refers to the acceptance of knowledge as truth because of the position and credibility of the knowledge source. Tenacity refers to the continued presentation of a particular bit of information by a source until this bit of information is accepted as true by receivers. The problem for organizational studies, however, is that this received wisdom often becomes unquestioned assumptions which guide interpretation of the world and decisions made about the world. Received wisdom, therefore, may lead to organizational practices which provide little or no benefit to the organization and, potentially, negative organizational effects, because this received wisdom is no longer valid. The 14 papers in this volume all, in some way, strive to question received wisdom and present alternatives which expand our understanding of organizational behavior in some way. The chapters in this volume each strive to present new ways of understanding organizational constructs, and in so doing reveal how received wisdom has often led to confirmation bias in organizational science. The knowledge that some perceived truths are actually the products of received wisdom and do not stand up to close scrutiny shakes up things within research areas previously thought settled allowing new perspectives on organizational science to emerge

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Information Age Publishing, 2013
Series
, Research in organizational sciences
Keyword
Organizational behavior, BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Negotiating
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93636 (URN)9781623961893 (Paperback) (ISBN)9781623961909 (Hardcover) (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
3. Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production
2012 (English)In: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS. 28TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES 23 - 28 September, 2012, Brisbane, Australia, 2012, 1-9 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the paper is to discuss how relocation of production can be affected when MBD is applied. The research is performed from a view point of production relocation; the focus is not on MBD as a method. The paper is based on a literature review combined with empirical data from an industrial study at the Swedish enterprise Saab Aeronautics. It was hard to find gaps in the literature since no literature covering the aim of the research was found. Important subject of discussion was that update or creation of MBD production documentation can decrease the amount of tacit knowledge at the sender and help the possibility to differentiate off-line learning from on-line learning, which can save both time and cost.

Keyword
MBD, Production Relocation, Aircraft Production, Production Transfer
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89576 (URN)978-0-9565333-1-9 (CD) (ISBN)
Conference
28th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23–28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2013-02-27 Created: 2013-02-27 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
4. A change process: transition from 2D to 3D by Model Based Definition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A change process: transition from 2D to 3D by Model Based Definition
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS), Gothenburg, Sweden. September 2014, 2014, 1-10 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to investigate factors that are important for the transition from 2D to 3D by Model Based Definition (MBD). Within MBD, 3D models are used as sources of information for design, production, distribution, technical documentation, services and the overall product lifecycle. The introduction and development of MBD at Aeronautics can be described in five transitions that illustrate how knowledge enhancement from project to project and between the projects and the linear organization has evolved. The largest challenges have been in the start-up of the transitions, people are gathered with different prerequisites, seeing solutions or problems from different perspectives.

Keyword
Change Process, Organizational change, Implementation, Development, Model Based Definition
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132403 (URN)
Conference
The 6th Swedish Production Symposium, (SPS), 16-18 September, Gothenburg
Available from: 2016-11-08 Created: 2016-11-08 Last updated: 2016-11-14Bibliographically approved
5. Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets
2016 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 27, no 5, 640-661 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how capability gaps can be identified and how they can be dealt with in aircraft technology transfers in future offset deals.

Methodology – The study is based on lessons learned as identified from three case studies of technology transfers from Saab, a Swedish aircraft manufacturing company to South Africa, the Czech Republic, and India.

FindingsThe capability gap between sender and receiver has to be dealt with on two levels: on an organizational level; and on an individual level. It is proposed that the disseminative capacity constitutes the ability to assess the capability gap between the sender and receiver, and to convert this assessment to adaptations of the product and production process to include in an industrialization process. On the individual level, the capability-raising activities were connected to employees’ knowledge, Personal Development Plans for the transfer of explicit knowledge, as well as on-the-job training to facilitate the exchange of tacit knowledge.

Research limitations The research is based on case studies from one company.

Originality/value – The paper focuses on the context of offset and reports on actual experiences from a capability perspective of technology transfers within the aircraft manufacturing area. It proposes a structured way of identifying and bridging the capability gap within such transfers.

Keyword
Capability gap, industrialization process, capability growth, transfer process, related offset, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128130 (URN)10.1108/JMTM-11-2015-0101 (DOI)
Note

Forthcoming

Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-19 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Technology Transfer within Related Offset Business: From an Aircraft Production Perspective(1456 kB)38 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1456 kBChecksum SHA-512
67882998bc2cb39ced9b00310aa6cd4838924dad33265152ca438b76583fc072b4110a9e4c7eb029557598d732c967cf674be10de4c6d5d8cd305cde8355a87d
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
omslag(97 kB)12 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 97 kBChecksum SHA-512
e58e17d5522d03ecb050222493ec213ca5a91450b43b573fbe238af751aa4744b6280a7af4fa6f757d01940a390a65b57566beae47e5c622fe37a921d0185ffe
Type coverMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Malm, Anna
By organisation
Machine DesignFaculty of Science & Engineering
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and ErgonomicsBusiness Administration

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 38 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 112 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link