Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Etik och normkonflikter inom miljörättslig lagstiftning
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Ethics and Conflicts of Norms in Environmental Law (English)
Abstract [sv]

En normkonflikt försätter rättssubjektet i en svår sits. Vissa normkonflikter medför till och med att ett rättssubjekt inte på något sätt kan agera helt och hållet lagenligt, så länge konflikten inte är löst. Detta innebär bland annat brister i rättssäkerhet samt att rättsreglerna inte lyckas guida rättssubjektets beteende, vilket brukar anses vara en av lagens viktigaste egenskaper. I uppsatsen har diskuterats frågor om uppkomst av, problem med samt hantering av normkonflikter inom miljörätten. Två fallstudier har använts för att diskutera olika typer av normkonflikter som förekommer i miljörättslig lagstiftning. Det har i uppsatsen konstaterats att det ena fallet är ett exempel på att lagen både förbjuder och tillåter samma beteende, och att det andra fallet är ett exempel på att lagen både förbjuder och föreskriver samma beteende. Vidare har det i uppsatsen föreslagits att motstridiga etiska antaganden som kan tänkas ligga bakom bestämmelserna kan utgöra delförklaringar till att normkonflikterna uppstår, och att det kan vara rimligt att använda etiska teorier vid tolkning av lagen i fall där det förekommer oklara till synes etiska uttryck i lagen.

 

Abstract [en]

A conflict of norms puts the legal subject in a difficult position. As a consequence of some conflicts of norms, a legal subject cannot act legally correct in any way, as long as the conflict is not solved. This brings about a lack of rule of law and also that the legal rules do not succeed to guide the legal subject’s actions, which is often regarded as one of the most important properties of the law. In the essay, questions about the emergence of, problems with and solutions to conflicts of law within the field of environmental law have been discussed. Two cases have been used to discuss different kinds of conflicts of norms that can be found in environmental legislation. It has been found in the essay that one of them is an example of the law both prohibiting and permitting the same behaviour, and that the other case is an example of the law both prohibiting and prescribing the same behaviour. Furthermore, it has been suggested in the essay that conflicting ethical assumptions that might underlie the rules can be partial explanations to why the conflicts of norms emerge, and that it can be reasonable to use ethical theories when interpreting the law in cases where unclear and seemingly ethical expressions occur in the law.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2016.
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Law
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60216ISBN: 978-91-7583-749-9ISBN: 978-91-7583-750-5 (pdf)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60216DiVA: diva2:1045328
Presentation
2016-12-14, A109, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-10 Created: 2016-11-09 Last updated: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Om naturens skyddsvärde i miljöbalkens portalparagraf
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Om naturens skyddsvärde i miljöbalkens portalparagraf
2016 (Swedish)In: Nordisk miljörättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2000-4273, E-ISSN 2000-4273, Vol. 2016, no 1, 123-132 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-10654 (URN)97cc39ab-f9f2-4147-80fe-d13a2afdac05 (Local ID)97cc39ab-f9f2-4147-80fe-d13a2afdac05 (Archive number)97cc39ab-f9f2-4147-80fe-d13a2afdac05 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20160606 (strcar)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
2. Possibility to implement invasive species control in Swedish forests
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Possibility to implement invasive species control in Swedish forests
2016 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 45, no Suppl. 2, 214-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Invasive alien species constitute an increasing risk to forestry, as indeed to natural systems in general. This study reviews the legislative framework governing invasive species in the EU and Sweden, drawing upon both a legal analysis and interviews with main national level agencies responsible for implementing this framework. The study concludes that EU and Sweden are limited in how well they can act on invasive species, in particular because of the weak interpretation of the precautionary principle in the World TradeOrganisation and Sanitary and Phytosanitary agreements. In the Swedish case, this interpretation also conflicts with the stronger interpretation of the precautionary principle under the Swedish Environmental Code, which could in itself provide for stronger possibilities to act on invasive species.

National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4154 (URN)10.1007/s13280-015-0754-5 (DOI)26744055 (PubMedID)20cbf9a3-76f1-4e7f-8875-96f21d968183 (Local ID)20cbf9a3-76f1-4e7f-8875-96f21d968183 (Archive number)20cbf9a3-76f1-4e7f-8875-96f21d968183 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160111 (mariap)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2407 kB)14 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2407 kBChecksum SHA-512
2c4a254ccdbb216d6bb851e16738909bb4f35ec6fe6bb5c5aa71d32431986fe37da633e5e21f3f2159bbf9a8944c02f3337f952970fafde656c103458de87f71
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Strömberg, Caroline
By organisation
Social Sciences
Law

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 14 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 44 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link