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Att delta i en hälsofrämjande intervention på arbetsplatsen: En intervjuundersökning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction The Swedish Work Environment Authority has developed a new guideline that gives employees a great responsibility to promote a good working environment and prevent ill health among their employees. The reason that these guidelines have been developed is that illness among employees at work in Sweden has increased.

Background At a workplace in a medium sized city in Sweden a group of employees was offered to participate in a health promotion intervention. The goal of the intervention was to give the employees the best conditions for prosperous health and a chance to improve their lifestyle, if they had a need for it. With the help from a coach, the employees worked in groups and individually in areas such as stress, nutrition, physical activity, ergonomics and mental health, and it was the individual´s needs and interests that guided the entire process.

The aim of the study was to examine what the participants experienced when participating in a workplace intervention with focus on health promotion.

The method used in the study was a semi-structured interview with four participants, both men and women aged twenty five to sixty three, which were subsequently analyzed through a qualitative content analysis.

The result showed that the workplace as an arena was of great importance for the individuals. It was perceived as positive that the intervention took place during work hours, otherwise it would have been doubtful that the participants would have participated. It was important for the individuals to discuss the process they went through with their colleagues. However, all participants experienced a sense of shame and did not want to share their inner thoughts with their colleagues. It turned out to be difficult to formulate their individual goals, their focus was instead on what others expected from them.

The conclusion was that fear of failure among the participants was the reason why they did not want to share their individual goals with their colleagues. In order to continue to feel motivated for a change in life style, the support from the coach and colleagues was necessary.

Abstract [sv]

Inledning Arbetsmiljöverket i Sverige har tagit fram nya riktlinjer där arbetsgivaren har fått ett större ansvar att främja en god arbetsmiljö och förebygga ohälsa hos sina anställda. Anledningen till att dessa riktlinjer utformats är att ohälsa bland anställda på arbetsplatser i Sverige har ökat.

Bakgrund På en arbetsplats i en mellanstor stad i Sverige erbjöds en grupp anställda att delta i en hälsofrämjande intervention. Målet med interventionen var att ge personalen de bästa förutsättningar till välmående och en möjlighet att förbättra sin livsstil, om de upplevde ett behov av det. Med hjälp av en coach fick de anställda arbeta i grupp och individuellt inom områden såsom stress, näringslära, fysisk aktivitet, ergonomi och mental hälsa och det var individens behov och intresse som styrde processen.

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur deltagarna upplevde att det var att delta i en arbetsplatsintervention beträffande hälsofrämjande insatser.

Metoden för studien var semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra deltagare, både män och kvinnor i åldrarna tjugofem till sextiotre år gamla, som sedan analyserades med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultatet visade att arbetsplatsen som arena var av stor betydelse för individen. Det upplevdes positivt att interventionen pågick under arbetstid annars hade det varit tveksamt om deltagarna skulle ha deltagit. Det var viktigt för deltagarna att diskutera processen som man genomgick tillsammans med sina arbetskamrater. Däremot upplevde samtliga intervjuade en känsla av skam som man inte gärna ville dela med sig av till sina arbetskamrater. Att formulera sina individuella behov var till en början svårt för alla då de fokuserade mer på vad andra förväntade sig att de skulle åstadkomma.

Slutsatsen är att rädslan för att misslyckas gjorde att de inte villa dela med sig av sina individuella målformuleringar till sina arbetskamrater. För att deltagarna skulle känna motivation för en livsstilsändring så var stödet från arbetskamrater och coach positivt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Public Health, Health Promotion, Intervention, Workplace
Keyword [sv]
Folkhälsa, hälsofrämjande, intervention, arbetsplats
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-22696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-22696DiVA: diva2:1044670
Subject / course
Public health science
Educational program
Health education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-16 Created: 2016-11-04 Last updated: 2016-11-16Bibliographically approved

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