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Hur hälsa, kön, individuell socioekonomisk status och boendeform påverkar självkänslan
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The influence of health, sex, individual socioeconomic status and housing tenure on self-esteem (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion Hälsan har förbättrats för hela världens befolkning. Ekonomiska och sociala förutsättningar såsom socioekonomi påverkar möjligheten till god hälsa. Även självkänsla har en koppling till god hälsa, men också till boendeform och socioekonomiskt status. 

Syfte Att undersöka om, och i så fall hur, självkänsla påverkas av självskattad hälsa, boendeform, utbildning (objektiv socioekonomisk status) och självskattad ekonomi (subjektiv socioekonomi), och dessutom om en sådan association finns, om det finns en skillnad i dessa associationer mellan könen.

Metod som använts är kvantitativ metod, med tvärsnittsdesign från data som insamlats av LSH-studien (Livsvillkor, Stress, Hälsa) i Östergötland 2012/2013. För att analysera data har logistiska regressioner tillämpats.

Resultat Självkänslan påvisar en stark korrelation med självskattad hälsa, men även med självskattad ekonomi och kön. Att vara man, eller att ange bra ekonomi ökar sannolikheten att ha hög självkänsla. Att äga sitt boende har även det en positiv relation med självkänsla.

Konklusion Att vara man och att äga sitt boende medför ökad sannolikhet för hög självkänsla. Samma faktorer har också en samvariation med hälsa. Dessutom har subjektiv socioekonomi en starkare relation till hälsa och självkänsla, än objektiv socioekonomi.

Abstract [en]

Introduction Health has improved for the entire world population. Economic and social conditions, such as socioeconomic status, influence the possibility of good health. Self-esteem is also associated with good health, as well as housing tenure and socioeconomic status. 

Purpose To investigate whether, and to what extent, self-esteem is influenced by self-rated health, housing tenure, education (objective socioeconomic status) and self-rated economic status (subjective socioeconomic status), and if there is such an association, whether there is a difference between sexes. 

Method This study was quantitative, with cross-sectional design, using results from the LSH-study questionnaires 2012/13 in Östergötland. The relationship between self-esteem and independent variables was analysed using logistic regressions. 

Results High self-esteem demonstrates a strong correlation with self-rated health, as well as with self-rated economic status and sex. Being a man, or indicating good economic status increases the probability of high self-esteem. Owning one’s own housing also has a positive association with high self-esteem.

Conclusion Being a man who owns his own housing increases the possibilities for high self-esteem. The same variables also covariate with health. Likewise, subjective socioeconomic status has a stronger relationship with health as well as self-esteem than objective socioeconomic status does.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-esteem, housing tenure, socio economic position, education, economic status
Keyword [sv]
Självkänsla, boendeform, socioekonomisk status, utbildning, ekonomi
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132374DiVA: diva2:1044422
Subject / course
Master (two years thesis)/Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved

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Skansén Nyberg, Helena
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