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Comparison of Potential Environmental Impacts on the Production of Gasoline and Kerosene, Al-Daura Refinery, Baghdad, Iraq
College of Engineering , University of Babylon.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, Vol. 8, no 11, 767-776 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oil represents the main energy sources used by mankind. In addition, petroleum products serve as feedstock for several consumer goods, thus playing an important growing role in people’s lives. For this reason there are various software applications designed to do the environmental assessment to see their impact on the environment. Among these is SimaPro software package designed to make a valuable contribution. It is a powerful tool for analyzing the environmental impact of products during their whole life cycle. In this study, it was pplied to analyze and evaluate the impacts for Al-Daura refinery for the gasoline and kerosene fuel production. This refinery located in Baghdad, Iraq was analyzed. The results of the life cycle assessment (LCA) show that gasoline has a (single score) of the order of 11.1 point for each 1 cubic meter produce from gasoline fuel compared with 4.83 point for each 1 cubic meter produce from kerosene. Global warming, respiratory inorganics and nonrenewable energy were the most effective environmental impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
USA, 2016. Vol. 8, no 11, 767-776 p.
Keyword [en]
Gasoline, Kerosene, Al-Daura Refinery, Refining, Baghdad, Simapro7, Life Cycle
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60122DOI: 10.4236/eng.2016.811069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60122DiVA: diva2:1044338
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 2016-11-23 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-11-03 Created: 2016-11-03 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved

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