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Numerical analysis of Urea-SCR sprays under cross-flow conditions
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The mixing and evaporation of Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) inside an Urea Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) chamber has been numerically investigated. The first task in this work has been to first look into the numerical framework and assess the models available in a commercial CFD software (ANSYS Fluent 14.5). Secondly the knowledge inherited from the model sensitivity analysis will be applied on the practical case of an Urea-SCR mixing chamber. Mass flow rate and temperature effects of the exhaust gas on the mixing and evaporation of the DEF spray has been investigated. The results indicate that evaporation rates inside the mixing chamber are dependent on the mass flow rate of the exhaust gas but not on the temperature due to compressibility effects of the exhaust gas. For a constant mass flow rate an increase in temperature decreases the residence time of droplets (due to compressibility) with a similar order of magnitude as the individual droplet evaporation rate increases (due to higher temperature) thus the two effects balances each other. The results could potentially contribute to the development and optimization of current SCR systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 56 p.
Keyword [en]
Lagrangian Particle Tracking, Selective Catalyst Reduction, droplet
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194497OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194497DiVA: diva2:1040708
Subject / course
Fluid Mechanics
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-28 Created: 2016-10-28 Last updated: 2016-10-28Bibliographically approved

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