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Performance evaluation of C-ACC/platooning under ITS-G5 communications
Halmstad University, School of Information Technology, Halmstad Embedded and Intelligent Systems Research (EIS), Centre for Research on Embedded Systems (CERES). (CC-Lab)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1460-2988
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) are aiming to provide innovative services related to different modes of transport and traffic management, and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated and smarter use of transport networks. Cooperative-ITS (C-ITS) support connectivity between vehicles, vehicles and roadside infrastructure, traffic signals as well as with other road users. In order to enable vehicular communications European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) delivered ITS-G5 -- a of set of C-ITS standards. Considering the goals of C-ITS, inter-vehicle communications should be reliable and efficient.

In this thesis we study the performance, efficiency, and dependability of ITS-G5 communications for Cooperative adaptive cruise control (C-ACC) and platooning C-ITS applications. We provide an overview of currently available and ongoing standardization targeting communications in C-ACC/platooning. We study the performance of ITS-G5 beaconing in a C-ACC/platooning scenario, where we show that its performance may deteriorate when implemented in cooperative driving applications due to the kinematic-dependent design of the message triggering mechanism. We explain in detail the cause of this phenomenon and test it for a wide range of parameters. Also, we study the influence of different available ITS-G5 legitimate setups on the C-ACC/platooning fuel efficiency and demonstrate that proper communication setup may enhance fuel savings. This thesis also proposes a jamming denial-of-service attack detection algorithm for platooning. The main advantage of our detector is its short learning phase that not exceed a second and low detection delay of a few hundreds of milliseconds. Under some assumptions, the proposed algorithm demonstrates the ability to detect certain types of attacks with average probability above 0.9.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2016. , 64 p.
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations, 26
Keyword [en]
VANET, ITS-G5, ETSI, Platooning, C-ACC, DoS, jamming, DCC, CAM, Cooperative Awareness
National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32320ISBN: 978-91-87045-55-4ISBN: 978-91-87045-54-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-32320DiVA: diva2:1040154
Presentation
2016-12-06, Wigforssalen, Visionen, Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
ACDC
Available from: 2016-11-08 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Vehicle-to-vehicle communication in C-ACC/platooning scenarios
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vehicle-to-vehicle communication in C-ACC/platooning scenarios
2015 (English)In: IEEE Communications Magazine, ISSN 0163-6804, E-ISSN 1558-1896, Vol. 53, no 8, 192-197 p., 7180527Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cooperative adaptive cruise control (C-ACC) and platooning are two emerging automotive intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications. In this tutorial article we explain their principles, describe related ongoing standardization activities, and conduct performance evaluation of the underlying communication technology. © Copyright 2015 IEEE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015
Keyword
Computer aided manufacturing, Intelligent vehicles, Kinematics, Roads, Telecommunication standards
National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29906 (URN)10.1109/MCOM.2015.7180527 (DOI)000359262600024 ()2-s2.0-84939235846 (ScopusID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

This study is supported by NFITS— the National ITS Postgraduate School (Sweden), and is a part of the “ACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues” project (2014–2016) funded by the Knowledge Foundation (Sweden) in cooperation with Volvo GTT, Volvo Cars, Scania, Kapsch TrafficCom, and Qamcom Research & Technology.

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved
2. Does ETSI beaconing frequency control provide cooperative awareness?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does ETSI beaconing frequency control provide cooperative awareness?
2015 (English)In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communication Workshop (ICCW), Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015, 2393-2398 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Platooning is an emergent vehicular application aiming at increasing road safety, efficiency and driving comfort. The cooperation between the vehicles in a platoon is achieved by the frequent exchange of periodic broadcast Cooperative Awareness Messages (CAMs) also known as beacons. CAM triggering conditions are drafted in the standard ETSI EN 302 637–2 and are based on the dynamics of an originating vehicle. These conditions are checked repeatedly with a certain sampling rate. We have discovered that the improper choice of the sampling rate value may increase the number of collisions between CAMs at the IEEE 802.11p medium access control layer and, therefore, diminish the efficiency of beaconing in a platoon. © 2015 IEEE

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2015
Keyword
VANET, cooperative awareness, beaconing, congestion control, platooning, ETSI
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29202 (URN)10.1109/ICCW.2015.7247539 (DOI)000380459900393 ()2-s2.0-84947803973 (ScopusID)978-1-4673-6305-1 (ISBN)
Conference
1st IEEE ICC Workshop on Dependable Vehicular Communications (DVC 2015), London, United Kingdom, June 12, 2015
Projects
ACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

This study is supported by NFITS - National ITS Postgraduate School (Sweden) and is a part of the ”ACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues” project (2014-2016) funded by the Knowledge Foundation (Sweden) in cooperation with Volvo GTT, Volvo Cars, Scania, Kapsch TrafficCom and Qamcom Research & Technology.

Available from: 2015-08-15 Created: 2015-08-15 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved
3. Study of the Platooning Fuel Efficiency under ETSI ITS-G5 Communications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Study of the Platooning Fuel Efficiency under ETSI ITS-G5 Communications
2016 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we evaluate the performance of platoon enabled by contemporary ITS-G5 vehicular communications through a number of simulation experiments. We assess platooning fuel consumption performance under two communication setups and estimate the potential influence of the communication system on the efficiency of the platooning. We also make an attempt to transform our results on platoon fuel efficiency into potential cost reduction gain. Our study shows that platooning fuel-efficiency may vary depending on the communication setup.

National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32119 (URN)
Conference
2016 IEEE 19th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC 2016), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1-4 Nov., 2016
Projects
ACDC: Autonomous Cooperative Driving: Communications Issues
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Funding: the Knowledge Foundation, Sweden in cooperation with Volvo GTT, Volvo Cars, Scania, Kapsch TrafficCom and Qamcom Research & Technology. It is also supported by the National ITS Postgraduate School (NFITS), Sweden.

Available from: 2016-10-01 Created: 2016-10-01 Last updated: 2016-11-08
4. Real-time Detection of Denial-of-Service Attacks in IEEE 802.11p Vehicular Networks
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Real-time Detection of Denial-of-Service Attacks in IEEE 802.11p Vehicular Networks
2014 (English)In: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 18, no 1, 110-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A method for real-time detection of Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks in IEEE 802.11p vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs) is proposed. The study is focused on the "jamming" of periodic position messages (beacons) exchanged by vehicles in a platoon. Probabilities of attack detection and false alarm are estimated for two different attacker models. © 1997-2012 IEEE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2014
Keyword
DoS attack, IEEE 802.11p, jamming, platooning, VANET
National Category
Communication Systems Telecommunications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24257 (URN)10.1109/LCOMM.2013.102213.132056 (DOI)000332184700028 ()2-s2.0-84887267757 (ScopusID)
Available from: 2014-01-01 Created: 2014-01-01 Last updated: 2016-11-08Bibliographically approved

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