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A New Mouse Model That Spontaneously Develops Chronic Liver Inflammation and Fibrosis
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Medical and Clinical Genetics. nstituto Gulbenkian de Sciencia, Oeiras, 2780–156 Oeiras, Portugal.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Medical and Clinical Genetics.
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, e0159850Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we characterize a new animal model that spontaneously develops chronic inflammation and fibrosis in multiple organs, the non-obese diabetic inflammation and fibrosis (N-IF) mouse. In the liver, the N-IF mouse displays inflammation and fibrosis particularly evident around portal tracts and central veins and accompanied with evidence of abnormal intrahepatic bile ducts. The extensive cellular infiltration consists mainly of macrophages, granulocytes, particularly eosinophils, and mast cells. This inflammatory syndrome is mediated by a transgenic population of natural killer T cells (NKT) induced in an immunodeficient NOD genetic background. The disease is transferrable to immunodeficient recipients, while polyclonal T cells from unaffected syngeneic donors can inhibit the disease phenotype. Because of the fibrotic component, early on-set, spontaneous nature and reproducibility, this novel mouse model provides a unique tool to gain further insight into the underlying mechanisms mediating transformation of chronic inflammation into fibrosis and to evaluate intervention protocols for treating conditions of fibrotic disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 7, e0159850
National Category
Immunology in the medical area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126338DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159850ISI: 000380797500147PubMedID: 27441847OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126338DiVA: diva2:1039736
Funder
Swedish Research Council, K2013-67X-07929-27-3
Available from: 2016-10-25 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2016-11-15Bibliographically approved

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Lundholm, MarieMayans, SofiaLarefalk, ÅsaPalmqvist, RichardHolmberg, Dan
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