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A study of magnesium intake and its possible relation to inflammation
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The study was initiated to examine magnesium intake, supplementation and their relation to inflammation. Magnesium is the second most abundant extracellular ion following potassium. Outside the cell, magnesium can be found in bone tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, other tissues and in the blood. Magnesium form compounds which operate in several essential metabolic processes in the body. Magnesium deficiency may have an impact on insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, which may result in an increased level of inflammation. Increased inflammation over a longer period has been seen to increase the risk of common lifestyle induced diseases such as diabetes type II and coronary heart diseases. The study of magnesium and its influence on inflammation is thereby becoming important and interesting for all societies and in their effort to find solutions to maintain and increase the well-being of its individuals.

The study is a literature study based on searches made in One Search and Pub Med databases. A total of ten studies were included, five for magnesium intake and five for supplementation. The majority of the studies showed a significant correlation between increased magnesium intake, dietary and supplementary, with decreased levels of inflammatory biomarkers and hints that magnesium might have a role in the inflammation process. What needs to be taken into account is that fiber intake in two studies attenuated magnesium’s inverse relation to inflammation. In addition of a decrease in inflammatory biomarker levels the risk for developing diabetes type II seemed to decrease as well with an increased intake of magnesium in one of the studies. Further studies need to be executed in order to establish the role of magnesium in inflammation and optimal dosage for prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases.

Abstract [sv]

Studien undersöker magnesiumintag och supplementering med magnesium samt dess inverkan på inflammation. Magnesium är den vanligast förekommande jonen intracellulärt efter kalium.  Extracellulärt magnesium förekommer i benvävnad, hjärtmuskelvävnad och i blodet. Magnesium bildar ämnen som medverkar i flera viktiga metabola processer i kroppen. Magnesiumbrist kan ha en inverkan på insulin resistans och endotel dysfunktion som följaktligen skulle kunna resultera i en ökad nivå av inflammation. Ökad inflammation under en längre tid har visat sig öka risken för vanliga livsstilssjukdomar som diabetes typ II och hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar. Forskning om magnesium och dess effekt på inflammation blir därmed viktig och intressant för samhällen i deras strävan att hitta lösningar till att bibehålla och öka välmåendet hos populationen.

Studien är en litteraturstudie och är grundad på sökningar via databaserna One Search och Pub Med. Totalt tio studier inkluderades i arbetet, fem som undersökte magnesiumintag och inflammation samt fem som undersökte supplementering av magnesium och inflammation. Majoriteten av studierna visade på en signifikant korrelation mellan ett ökat magnesiumintag, via kosten och kosttillskott, och minskade nivåer av biomarkörer för inflammation. Det antyder att magnesium kan ha en roll i inflammationsprocessen. I de två studier som mätte fiberintaget var relationen mellan magnesiumintag och inflammation försvagad. Utöver en minskning av biomarkörer för inflammation sågs en minskad risk för att utveckla diabetes typ II vid ett ökat magnesiumintag i en av studierna. Fler studier krävs för att fastställa magnesiums betydelse vid inflammation samt den optimala doseringen för prevention av metabola och kardiovaskulära sjukdomar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Magnesium, Inflammation, Inflammatory biomarkers, CRP, Magnesium supplement
National Category
Other Biological Topics Other Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-57573OAI: diva2:1039399
Subject / course
Educational program
Health Science Programme with Specialisation in Bio Sciences, 180 credits
Available from: 2016-10-27 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

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