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Effect of gritting sand quality on road dust pollution
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Highway Engineering Laboratory.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Pollution of air represents the contamination with matter that can affect both humanhealth and the environment. Road dust has been recognized as a dominant source ofparticulate matter and one of the factors that contributes to its development is the useof gritting sand. Gritting sand is being used during snowy winter conditions as atraction control method. During spring season, when snow and ice melt and surfacesdry out, and the influence of traffic, asphalt surface wear, particle ejection from tires,etc; under the effect of their interaction, cause the formation of particulate matter.A general aim of this study was to perform analysis of factors which can be consideredresponsible generating road pollution, with resistance to abrasion of gritting sandbeing a potential key problem. The correlation between the use of studded tires andparticulate matter formation has been considered to be one of major issues in urbanareas.In order to carry out this investigation, an individual study case was considered,measurements indicated that levels of pollution increased even after studded tires werebanned.The literature review revealed important knowledge gaps regarding the quantificationof particulate emissions from non-exhaust sources, most importantly, emissions due tolow quality gritting sanding. At this point, very little information is available thatcould be used for determining the resistance to abrasion of gritting sanding material.This is further supported by numerous institutions and companies, all suggesting thatquality of gritting sand is not taken into consideration. Gritting sand is part of abigger problem which also involves types of pavement, types of tires, weather,background pollution, etc. Furthermore, there is no practical method to characterizewear of resistance of gritting sand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 38 p.
Series
TRITA-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2016:06
Keyword [en]
Pollution, road dust, particulate matter, gritting sand, studded tires, resistance to abrasion
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194340OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194340DiVA: diva2:1039310
Subject / course
Highway Engineering
Educational program
Degree of Master - Civil and Architectural Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-25 Created: 2016-10-23 Last updated: 2016-10-25Bibliographically approved

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